Astronomy

Would dark energy save the earth for a while as the sun heats up?

Would dark energy save the earth for a while as the sun heats up?


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Would the expansion of space (e.g. dark energy) move the earth further away from the sun over time, possibly saving us for perhaps a few billion years as the sun heats up?

Scientists now tend to think that the sun is heating up very gradually (e.g. over billions of years): http://tvblogs.nationalgeographic.com/2010/07/21/hotter-and-hotter/

Dark energy is the unexplained accelerating expansion of the universe, as described here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dark_energy

Put another way, my question is, is dark energy working at such a rate that it would move earth (and other planets) further from the sun and prolong life on earth as the sun heats up?


I don't think this is a bad question, and I think Pela is essentially correct, the effect is very small.

Dark energy doesn't expand objects, for example, cause those are bound together, but dark energy should expand space between the sun and the earth though the effect is tiny.

If we take this number, 68 KM per second per 1 million light years (link below), that's 245,000 KM per hour per million light years or about 1 KM every 4 hours per lightyear. With 63,000 Astronomical units per light year, between the sun and the earth, we can expect the earth (assuming it's in a perfectly stable orbit around the sun - which it's not, but lets say it is), a velocity of 1KM/30 years. And that's over the age of the universe. The earth/sun is only 1/3rd the age of the universe, so dark energy has accelerated the earth maybe 1 KM/90 years velocity since the formation of the solar system. That's a pretty small push. A velocity change of a bit a meter per year over the age of the solar-system. The effect of the solar wind and the Jupiter and Venus orbital tugging are probably greater than that.

Source: http://www.space.com/26279-universe-expansion-measurement-quasars-boss.html

Now, over a few billion years, a small velocity change of 1 meter per year would add up - so I think dark energy is part of the solar system's long term orbital calculation. I might be wrong on that, but I think it has a measurable effect over billions of years even in distances as small as planetary orbits.

But would it save the earth - I doubt it. The sun's heating up accelerates over time. It will at some point in the future, move too fast and get too hot for the earth, so, we'll have to save ourselves, either by moving the earth or terraforming mars, or building space colonies or some combination of all 3. The good news, we have tens of millions, maybe hundreds of millions of years to figure that stuff out.

Dark energy has been useful though. It's probably kept us from crashing into Andromeda and/or the great attractor - however far away that is. Certainly delayed those collisions (We're never going to crash into the great attractor, I gather, thanks to dark energy), and crashing into Andromeda, when it happens, might harmless anyway, but I'm just kind of thinking out-loud.

I do think it's a good question as there probably is some small expansion due to dark energy between the earth and the sun. If my numbers are wrong, I welcome correction.


I welcome further discussion, and evidence supporting, or refuting my answer.

If my idea is correct that antimatter is distributed fairly evenly through the voids between galaxies, and that antimatter is the cause of dark energy, then no, dark energy will not move earth out of the way of a sun that is heating up (e.g. it would have no effect, or very little effect). This is because antimatter would not exist within the solar system. Solar wind, and other particles would annihilate any antimatter that found its way into the solar system. A "galactic wind" would also likely prevent antimatter from even entering the galaxy.

It would be interesting to see if we can observe earth's past position in relation to the sun (e.g. perhaps by examining the rocks or fossils) and see if earth is migrating out further from the sun or not. This analysis may show us if dark energy is indeed "everywhere" (true if the earth used to be closer, and is migrating away from the sun) or just in the "voids" (true if the earth is not migrating away from the sun).

I very much welcome further discussion and answers. I especially welcome someone to perform the research as discussed in the prior paragraph.


Elon Musk says humans must leave Earth 'because Sun will engulf our planet'

When Elon Musk launched a Tesla into space, it carried a sign saying “Don’t panic" on the dashboard – but the billionaire was in a more doom-laden form this week.

The SpaceX and Tesla pioneer warned, in an interview with The New York Times podcast Sway, that travel to other planets was necessary as Earth would be engulfed by the Sun.

Speaking to host Kara Swisher, Musk said: “I think this is fundamentally important for ensuring the long-term survival of life as we know it, to be a multi-planet species.

“Eventually the Sun is going to expand and engulf Earth. It will expand and incinerate Earth. It is for sure going to happen – but not any time soon.”

This is something of an understatement, as the Sun’s expansion is not predicted to happen for at least seven billion years.

Musk said that becoming a multi-planet species would allow human civilisation to dodge extinction events that had affected other species.

He said: “The fossil record does show many extinction events over the millennia, from meteors, from super-volcanos, from natural climate variation.”

Watch: Elon Musk says Tesla will offer an affordable driverless car within 3 years

The billionaire also touched on one of his favourite topics when he warned of the threat of artificial intelligence (AI).

He said: “AI does not need to hate us to destroy us. If it decides that it needs to go in a particular direction, no hard feelings it would roll over us, like we would do with an anthill if we were building a road.

“We need to think of intelligence as not being uniquely confined to humans.”

Musk also addressed Tesla’s stock price.

“Do I think Tesla will be worth more than this in five years? I think the answer is ‘yes’.”

Earlier this summer, Musk predicted that threads embedded in your head would soon allow you to stream music directly into your brain – bypassing your ears altogether.

Launched in 2016, Neuralink is centred on creating devices which can be implanted in the human brain, and Musk made the comments while recruiting tech talent for the startup.

The startup is working on flexible threads, thinner than human hair, designed to be implanted into the brain to "“read” brain activity.

The “ultra high bandwidth brain-machine interfaces” are built to transmit brain impulses to machines, with an end goal of allowing humans to “merge” with artificial intelligence.

Watch: SpaceX launch captured by passenger on board plane


MYTH: The sun is yellow.

If you wince and look at the afternoon sun, it might look yellow — but the light it gives off is actually white in color.

The Earth's atmosphere between your eyes and the sun is what makes the star appear yellow.

The gases bend the light in an effect called Rayleigh scattering, which is what also makes the sky appear blue and causes sunsets to blaze into brilliant oranges and reds.

Not helping matters is that astronomers classify the sun as a yellow main-sequence G-type star, or "yellow dwarf."


By Kaelin Mendez

Art by Bethany Wilson.

People have always been drawn to the sky.

“The stars, the peacefulness, the beauty,” Physics Professor Gerard Fasel said. “It makes you marvel, it makes you wonder. That’s what the night sky does for me.”

Cultures around the world have developed different interpretations of celestial bodies, crafting intricate myths and stories to explain the sun, moon and stars. In the modern world, however, these stories sometimes become muddled from one generation to the next.

Pepperdine faculty and students recounted stories they learned from their ancestors or their studies, detailing various cultures’ perceptions of the sky.

Ancient Greco-Roman myths and constellations

Scorpius and Orion, two of the most well-known constellations. Art by Bethany Wilson.

The ancient Greeks and Romans found patterns in the stars and created stories to explain them, said Humanities Professor Philip Freeman, who has published research on the mythologies of these two cultures.

One such pattern is the Big Dipper.

“They called the Big Dipper ‘Ursa Major’ — the big bear — which is, I know, also done in some Native American cultures,” Freeman said. “It’s the bear that goes around [the North Star] and stays in the sky all the time.”

When teaching astronomy, Fasel attempts to cultivate an awareness of the universe in light of a disconnect he believes exists between people today and the sky.

“A lot of people don’t realize when they take the class that the moon is up during the day,” he said.

Fasel and his students go out at night to Deer Creek Road in Malibu and find a dark space to look at the stars.

“It’s hard to see patterns in the sky, and so I try to get my students to relax and just basically gaze up into the sky and take everything in and see if they can see different things,” he said.

Students in his class research and present on Greek and Roman celestial mythology while under the constellations they are discussing.

“There’s Boötes,” Fasel said about one such constellation. “He herds the bears around the pole.”

Scorpius and Orion are two of the more well-known constellations.

“You never see Scorpius and Orion in the same night sky because they had had some problems,” Fasel said, referring to how the scorpion killed Orion, a great hunter.

People of ancient civilizations would turn to the sky for answers to their questions about life, Fasel said.

“Their view of the universe is much different than ours, and I think there’s a lot of wonderment about death and life,” he said. “And when they let their imaginations go, they saw these different entities up there.”

The northern lights (aurora borealis) is a natural light display in the Earth’s sky, predominantly seen in the high-latitude regions. Art by Bethany Wilson.

Junior Carolyne Van Den Hoogen, from Girdwood, Alaska, can see the northern lights from her backyard. She recalled seeing them for the first time on New Year’s Eve when she was 17 years old.

“We went out to our back meadow to watch this fireworks show that our ski resort was putting on, and we were going to take photos,” Van Den Hoogen said. “My sister was like, ‘Oh my God, wait. Look, there’s the northern lights.’ And I’m like, ‘Man, Mother Nature’s giving us a fireworks show of her own.’ It was so cool.”

She said people in her community inform each other when the phenomenon is visible.

“There is an email chain or a text chain where people will be like, ‘The northern lights are out right now,’” she said. “And then they’ll all meet at this specific spot on the highway near my house to go view the northern lights.”

Fasel explained what causes the phenomenon, otherwise known as the aurora borealis.

“These lights are basically produced by the interaction of the sun’s wind with the Earth’s magnetic field,” he said. “There’s a transfer of energy, and that energy manifests itself in the aurora.”

For Van Den Hoogen, such a phenomenon is just a normal part of her home life.

“I feel very lucky to have seen them and been in a place where that’s a regular occurrence,” she said.

A new moon means a new season, a new day in Zimbabwean culture. Art by Bethany Wilson.

Senior Tinashe Nyamupingidza was unaware of any stories from her country of Zimbabwe that discussed the night sky, so she reached out to her grandmother.

“The one thing she told me was about the new moon and how in Shona, which is the language that we speak, it’s called ‘mwedzi wagara,’” Nyamupingidza said.

She translated her grandmother’s message from Shona to English.

“The [new] moon would go down with all the evil and all the bad things, and then it would be a new season, a new day,” Nyamupingidza said.

The new moon would also usher in a new harvest.

“We don’t really import any food or vegetables,” she said. “I feel like in America, you have food all year round, but back home, it’s seasonal.”

The sun and moon also act as an alarm clock for the farmers of Zimbabwe.

“At 4 a.m., whenever the sun comes up, it’s a sign that they need to start going to plant and sow and reap,” Nyamupingidza said.

Romantic Chinese moon

The ideas of romanticism and wisdom are paired with the moon in Chinese culture. Art by Bethany Wilson.

Junior Yinjie Zhai from Shanghai, China, said urban stargazing is nearly impossible.

“I would say it’s a little ironic for people living in Shanghai to tell … stories about stars,” Zhai said. “You can never see stars in Shanghai because of the light pollution.”

Instead, his grandparents passed down stories about the moon and sun to him. One story tells of why there is only one sun in the sky. Originally, there were 10, with each sun bringing light to the Earth.

“But there’s one time that they run out together to hang out together,” Zhai said. “So everything was dry and dying.”

In order to save the world from suffering, an archer named Hou Yi shot down nine of the suns.

“There’s only one sun for us now,” Zhai said.

There are many different stories about how the moon came to be. In the one Zhai grew up with, Hou Yi’s wife, Chang’e, took a pill and rose to the moon. Now, people can still see Chang’e in the shadows created by the moon’s craters.

“From ancient times, when people would see those shadows, they would think about the figure it looks like a woman,” Zhai said. “So they think maybe that’s the woman who rose to the moon.”

To commemorate this story, the Chinese celebrate the Moon Festival, also called the Mid-Autumn Festival. During this time, the moon represents reunion, Zhai said.

“No matter how busy they are, everyone needs to come to the table,” he said.

The Chinese connection to the moon carried over into Chinese arts. The ideas of romanticism and wisdom are often paired with the moon in Chinese culture and expressed in ancient Chinese poems. Zhai said ancient poets would drink alcohol in order to be more in tune with their emotions, drawing inspiration for their poems from the moon.

Similar to African cultures, the Chinese used the sky to tell time, and they are one of many cultures that follow a lunar calendar instead of a solar calendar.

“The lunar calendar — it helps a lot for people, especially farmers, to calculate when it’s the time to spread all the seeds and when it’s the time to harvest,” Zhai said.

Chumash astronomers track the constellations and the sun for ceremonial times. Art by Bethany Wilson.

The Chumash people once lived in and around the land that is now Malibu. They saw more stars than Malibu residents can see today.

Health policy professional Sabine Talaugon is the granddaughter of Joe Talaugon, a Chumash elder. She talked about when surveyor Rex Saint-Onge sought out her grandfather’s help in determining whether a carving in a tree was a Chumash arborglyph.

Along with Curator of Anthropology John Johnson from the Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History, they were able to determine that it was a Chumash arborglyph and was most likely used by ‘alchuklash — Chumash astronomers — in order to track the Big Dipper and the sun for ceremonial times, Sabine Talaugon said.

She went on to help her grandfather with the project for a couple of years by “letting the public know that indigenous people didn’t need colonization to have intellectual lives and create very important knowledge that is still relevant today.”

Sabine Talaugon said there’s a push to acknowledge indigenous sciences as legitimate discovery and not as something to be overlooked simply because they do not follow the same approaches as Western sciences.

“These are different structures, etchings, paintings and so on [that] the indigenous people used to keep track of their year,” Sabine Talaugon said. “… [They] have ceremony and story at those particular times of the year as part of their culture and as part of their livelihood.”

One example of these stories and ceremonies occurred during the winter solstice — the Chumash New Year — when the moon appeared to be the farthest away from the earth.

According to a Chumash story, Old Man Sun, representing destruction, beat Sky Coyote, representing creative energy, at peon — a Chumash gambling game. Sabine Talaugon said Old Man Sun’s bet was that he would leave the sky, bringing destruction to the world.

Spiritual and political leaders held a ceremony every winter solstice in order to work together to “pull back the sun” so that it wouldn’t leave them, Sabine Talaugon said.

“That’s consistent with the reality of winter solstice,” she said. “It’s the shortest day of the year.”

Hindu constellation maps

Hindus consult the Vedas, or Hindu texts, to interpret celestial bodies. Art by Bethany Wilson.

In Hinduism, there are 27 possible constellations that one can be born under. These celestial alignments are said to reveal everything about a person.

“They’ll be like, ‘This is going to be your personality. This is going to be what she likes. This is going to be her favorite color,’” said Sanskriti Sriramoju, a junior from Southeast India.

People use constellation maps to find the right time to make important decisions and to see if a couple is compatible for marriage.

“They’re going to look at your constellations, my constellations and the constellations of the time [of the event],” Sriramoju said.

Hindus also believe that certain constellations in the sky, depending on the time of the year, inhibit some people’s productivity and luck. There are also certain mischievous celestial gods, such as Pluto and Mars, who negatively interfere with people’s lives, Sriramoju said.

“They’re just normal, celestial, superior beings who have negative characteristics,” she said. “That’s it. They’re not bad.”

Sriramoju said the gods of the sky are male and the sun god, who is the father of the planets, rides a chariot across the sky.

In order to interpret these celestial bodies, Hindus consult the Vedas, or Hindu texts. Using the Vedas’ knowledge of stars, astronomers built large instruments to find the location of the moon, sun and constellations to make charting one’s constellation map easier, Sriramoju said.

“They’re going to map out the whole universe outside you, and then they’ll write your story,” she said.


Recent UFO activity should inspire us to take better care of the Earth

Regardless if they are really extraterrestrials, there’s much we can learn from recent sightings.

“When the long awaited solution to the UFO problem comes, I believe that it will prove to be not merely the next small step in the march of science, but a mighty and totally unexpected quantum leap.”

“If aliens visit us, the outcome would be much as when Columbus landed in America, which didn’t turn out well for the Native Americans.”

—Stephen Hawking, theoretical physicist, cosmologist

“If our solar system is not unusual, then there are so many planets in the universe that, for example, they outnumber the sum of all sounds and words ever uttered by every human who has ever lived. To declare that Earth must be the only planet with life in the universe would be inexcusably bigheaded of us.”

—Neil deGrasse Tyson, astronomer

“There may be aliens in our Milky Way galaxy, and there are billions of other galaxies. The probability is almost certain that there is life somewhere in space.”

In D.C., in the halls of politics and even the Pentagon disclosure will soon be upon us. Either we are being watched as a delinquent, adolescent species attracting attention from beyond or we are suffering a very unique mass psychosis.

In Santa Fe, our local postal worker tells of the time when he saw two large red orbs over his car, suspended a few hundred feet above the ground, then watched these uncanny objects speeding off towards the Sangre de Cristo Mountains in New Mexico, one of the preeminent meccas for UFO’s in the world. In this rarefied air, between Los Alamos lab and the Santa Fe Institute where scientists study complex adaptive systems and where indigenous peoples still honor the telluric dance of the world, remarkable sightings hold a singular place in people’s hearts and minds. As they have for decades, for centuries all over the world.

But the increasing number of sightings of late perhaps allude to a unique dimension in the consciousness of the evolution of humanity. Whether we seize the moment and bring it back down to earth, to finally retrieve this miraculous planet and its life forms, is up to us. Something beyond our normal range of experience is hinting that we are not alone. Something uncanny is happening to our species. And it may help us to become more fully human than we ever divined. Something more than a script in the collective consciousness of humanity may very well be upon us. If UFO’s are real, they may comprise the greatest revolution in our species’ history.

At night, the same postal worker saw four white orbs in perfect alignment, each the size of a car doing the same hovering movement for a few seconds and then tore off, disappearing into the night sky. There have been more and more sightings over the years as if something beyond were watching the strange antics of the human species creating havoc on a planet teeming with magnificent and miraculous and frail life forms.

At Cornell University, the astronomer Francis Drake who worked on the Arecibo Telescope and who lectured with Carl Sagan, once came up with the famous Drake formula for calculating how many possible civilizations existed in our galaxy alone. And the answer is possibly thousands or many times that. Carl Sagan, though, not willing to risk academic funding at a Congressional Hearing in 1968 said, “As I understand what the committee would like from me, is a discussion of the likelihood of intelligent extraterrestrial life… clearly it is the hypothesis that unidentified objects are of extraterrestrial origin which the committee must have in mind. I'm delighted to tell about contemporary scientific thinking along these lines, but let me begin by saying that I do not think the evidence is at all persuasive, that UFO's are of intelligent extraterrestrial origin…”

Sagan’s conversation with fellow astronomer J. Allen Hynek in 1984 contradicts the above statement. Having famously worked on the SETI project, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence program, Sagan held private views very different from those he espoused in his professional career. He too thought UFO’s were real. When asked to comment on the PRG (the Paradigm Research Group) Director Stephen G. Bassett said, “Carl Sagan and J. Allen Hynek perfectly represent the intellectual and political dilemma faced by the human race during the second half of the 20th century. Both helped to radically change our view of the world… Yet one must be profoundly wrong on the most important historical event in human history.” Carl admitted to Hynek that he surmised there were other intelligences in the universe. That is why the imperative of saving what is left of the planet is joined spiritually and morally with the greatest discovery in human history, that we are very probably not alone in the universe.

The reality of UFO’s is profoundly perceptual, probably a multi-dimensional map of reality far beyond what most of us can fathom happening to us in this very precarious time, either because we want to believe or we are being forced to behold something we need in our conscious evolution. In the cosmic scheme of things, we may be as children in the galactic spiral, youngsters in the solar system and are literally playing havoc with something very special called life. The speed, acrobatics and technical marvels of many of these objects boggle our understanding of Newtonian physics. Objects rushing at thousands of miles per hour and then stopping on a dime, or a cloud, silently, without the proverbial sonic boom. And then disappearing instantly. Are we being watched by some civilizations perhaps tens of thousands of years ahead of us? They may be increasingly concerned by our profoundly dangerous behavior on this small orb. Especially since the bomb in 1945. Even if these were idle speculations, and mere fantasy, why not err on the side of caution, for life as we have it on this earth is being shaken to its core. And we are challenging the ladder of existence as never before in the 4 billion years of the sun’s lifetime.

In the same continuum of experience, we did happen to see, as newcomers to this UFO bound state of New Mexico, two large green orbs flying over the mesa 20 years ago. They were not swamp gas or headlights, nor a low flying airplane. The lights were silent, and hovered over the ridge like a pair of oversized basketballs and then they quite simply sped off very fast and vanished. They were like a pair of bright eyes gazing at us from another time, ciphers of brilliant intrusion we will never forget.

The Apache tribe in the north part of the state say many sightings have occurred near Dulce. Then there is the inescapably remarkable incident of July 8,1947 in Roswell, New Mexico in the south of the state which occurred during a severe thunderstorm. A mysterious object crashed, a flying saucer according to the press release by Lieutenant Walter Haut. General Roger Ramney issued a statement the next day saying the vehicle was only a military high altitude weather balloon. Roswell and the world would never be the same again.

Today, we continue to be mystified by these inexplicable and unidentified sightings all over the planet. Whether alien life forms were kept in secret for years or not, the mystique lives on and has captured the imagination of people for many. I have heard numerous stories of strange bouncing lights at Hopi, hovering balls in blue luminescent display as if they were deliberate attempts to make their presence felt, as if to acknowledge to earthlings that something else exists beyond our limited knowledge as humans that is of inconceivable universal significance and that the time to be open to a phenomenological awakening is now. And is it happening increasingly for a reason.

Lt. Commander Alex Dietrich, a veteran combat pilot, gave full testimonial on Anderson Cooper, of having witnessed a UFO off the coast of San Diego 16 years ago. Testimony which would not have been taken so seriously by the media a generation ago. Lt. Ryan Graves, a former Navy pilot, told “60 Minutes” that some pilots on training missions had seen UFO’s “every day for at least a couple years.” Graves says about the unexplained phenomena, “I am worried, frankly. You know, if these were tactical jets from another country that were hanging out up there, it would be a massive issue. But because it looks slightly different, we’re not willing to actually look at the problem in the face. We’re happy to just ignore the fact that these are out there watching us every day.” Scary indeed.

When we were in southern Peru in 2002, the Nazca Lines amazed us. They are among the most wondrous three dimensional mysteries on the planet. Works that can only be seen distinctly from above. And while some like Van Daniken in his “Chariots of the Gods” claim they were made by extraterrestrial visitors, it is healthier to keep one’s feet on the ground and believe that the Indigenous people of Peru had a deep reverence for the life forms of their native land, something foreign companies and industrial enterprises who continue to mine the land have forgotten. Flying towards the cloud laden Andes and seeing the giant hummingbird, whale, spider, monkey, llama, lizard, cactus and even dog “drawings” carved into the ground as if by a giant, it is easy to be mystified by the power, presence, size of these expressions unlike any on Earth. They’re much more than art. They feel like transcendent ciphers. They represent part of the beings the creators of the lines honored and that formed the organic matrix of their lives. After the flight, returning to our hotel, our guide showed us an hour video of a “mother ship” hovering near a telegraph pole, and two small lights emerging from under its belly. He had no explanation but he guessed this unique vision was not of this world. Captivating, mystical beyond words, the guide thought the ship was perhaps extracting energy from the wires. He had no idea what he saw. Peru continues to be one of the world’s meccas for sightings.

Ezekiel’s Merkabah vision in the Bible may indeed have been one of a spaceship. If previous history around the planet is anything to go on, evidence or at least some kind of galvanizing experience of the first kind go back a ways. ‘God’ or some sort of angelic vehicle appeared to Ezekiel and shared with him visions of the future. Joseph Blumrich, a NASA engineer, no less, in his book “The Spaceships of Ezekiel” makes a very convincing case for Ezekiel’s encounter with beings not of this Earth and even included technical descriptions of the spacecraft he witnessed. Millennia later similar, but even closer encounters continue to haunt us.

Barney and Betty Hill’s account of an extraterrestrial abduction in late September 1961 in New Hampshire was the first report of its kind in the U.S. Travis Walton, a forestry worker, described his astounding supposed abduction in the Apache Sitgreaves forest near Snowflake, Arizona, in the book “Fire in the Sky.” And lately in Taos, a few years ago, hunters came across a few strange dark figures on opening day for elk season. One of the hunters, Brinkely, identified what he thought were two fellow hunters, with large heads and black bodies. The next day a structure about 100 feet long was spotted and then suddenly as they drove towards it, it disappeared.

The frequency of sightings since we detonated the bomb at the Trinity site in New Mexico is almost astounding. If they are real and not just a mass consciousness alternating figment of our imagination, it is perhaps because these other beings, other species sense something is awry with our kind. Some have perhaps correctly imagined that these other beings are concerned about the ability of our species to change life not just on Earth, but the entire solar system. Humanity imperils not just itself but the entire order of life on Earth. They might be concerned. We might be the equivalent of toddlers to them. Top heavy delinquents whose technology is way ahead of our spirituality and whose materialism threatens everything in the ark of life.

The phenomena are so pronounced that even former President Obama is bringing disclosure to the general public in a way that has never been divulged or permitted before. In a time when humble viruses are causing upheaval among our species, life forms from beyond our sphere are forming the other great bracket of earthly existence. If they are not mere projections, thought forms or illusions we are witnessing perhaps the most revelatory moment in human history. Between the disease forming microscopic and the potential extraterrestrial phantasmagoric we are perhaps being forced to reevaluate not only our earthly existence, but our entire cosmic place in the solar system and even beyond, just as we are heading out beyond our Earth.

Seven years ago, on the border between New Mexico and Arizona a very close encounter happened that was bewildering. A blind Native grandmother was outside near her home when she was visited by what her people called a “metaphysical being.” Supposedly she was told telepathically to hold onto her culture, because the world was changing. When we visited the area years later, mystified by the sandstone rocks and artifacts that go back five millennia, our guide showed us the petroglyph of a “star man,” a very special entity, carved at a special height, thirty feet above the canyon floor. The connection between the two beings was telling. What was more remarkable was that after the close encounter, corn pollen was found around the floor of her home, as if proof of the being’s passage. A few days later, she regained her sight.

One can dismiss such stories as fables. The hallucinations of an elderly grandmother who literally could not see and who imagined things in her unique isolation from the world. Why was she chosen? Perhaps because she held special knowledge of her people who have had encounters for millennia. Maybe, because in her blindness she saw and was receptive to the essential, a wavelength of life and consciousness most people are not.

While there had been sightings all over the planet from Area 51 to the July 12 to July 29 1952 UFO’s over D.C., it definitely feels like time itself is speeding up. Between our conscious awareness and our unconscious need to believe, we are living between two eras, BC before contact and the next stage when our species acknowledges that it is not alone. Of course, we can know that others are watching us and they are concerned. We have upset the order of the solar system. Maybe we are being warned in this thermonuclear time, that in endangering ourselves we upset the frequency of the entire solar system. We have not listened to the whales and their transoceanic songs. We have obliterated them. The seas are acidifying. Before life is lost on Earth, perhaps forever, we are being given a warning in the form of marvelous, inexplicable, hovering and vanishing “angels” that may have visited us so many times before.

But this time the top brass in D.C. have admitted that something remarkable is in the offing. Obama, of late, had admitted that something is out there. Since the 1950’s and 1960’s and Project Blue Book the U.S. Air Force led investigation has examined thousands of sightings. Many of the cases have been deemed inexplicable. Not clouds, not aircraft, not atmospheric reflections. Some scientists, ranging in expertise from meteorology, physics and astronomy are more and more being drawn into the investigation.

More experts are asking hard scientific questions and some indeed acknowledge that something is happening. Two declassified and released documents by the Pentagon from 2007 and 2015 and most recently in April of 2020 show three videos in which bright lights were seen moving by pilots from a US Navy training flight from 2004 clearly showing an object that resembled an elongated capsule. The object was rotating about its axis. And what was more remarkable, the video showed more than one object, but an entire platoon of these tic- tac shaped, fast moving entities. The DOD released the videos to “clear up any misconceptions by the public on whether or not the footage that has been circulating was real, or whether or not there is more to the videos. The aerial phenomena observed in the videos remain characterized as “unidentified."

The media is abuzz with witnesses and disclosures. Something is happening. The majority of sightings seem to have occurred in the U.S., while in Asia and Africa, sightings seem to be much more rare. Whether they are meteors or Venus rising over the horizon, most sightings occur in the evenings and on Fridays, at the end of a busy work week. James Oberg, a former NASA employee, writer and consultant, after decades of research, believes in more mundane terrestrially bound explanations and has debunked most of the sightings he has heard as either fireballs or clouds. Most sightings to Oberg are mere “space dandruff” or misunderstandings of what space journeying looks like to the human brain. The sightings NASA astronauts supposedly have of UFO’s are to Oberg, nothing more than mundane objects being experienced in unearthly settings. The mind playing tricks. Time will tell.

There are 4,000 known exoplanets orbiting other stars and that number is doubling every four years. What are the chances that a highly sophisticated civilizations have visited us? And while the nearest of these habitable planets may be no closer than 20 light years away, a few may have the` technology for propulsion we cannot yet dream of. Most astronomers believe there is life out there. As Geoff Marcy, an astronomer who has discovered many exoplanets says, “The universe is apparently bulging at the seams with the ingredients of biology.” Perhaps humanity feels it needs to be connected to lessen the extraordinary possibility that we are alone and increasingly pariahs among Earth’s miraculous living beings. Are UFO’s America’s new religion, a collective hallucinosis? Having done so much damage to the world, having exploded the first bomb, a vision beyond our planet may also be just what Creation has ordained for so many Americans, to remind us of our immense responsibility to life. But the sightings have had a world wide range. Something is being presented to humanity, at this time, for a reason.

It was in Africa, of all places, that I had a dream when we took our son on his second trip to the Rift Valley where so much of our species began. Exhausted after an eleven-hour flight, I had a dream, one of almost extraterrestrial impact, but really a lucid dream in which I was awake and able to control what I was experiencing. It was a vision and I was awake in the landscape. I was near the edge of the Rift Valley and had to jump over a small chasm to get to the edge of the cliff. I had to wind my way under a fence to finally see the Rift without barriers, with clarity, with total freedom. I saw a river below, and a large rectangular object vibrating in the water as if a cipher, a monument from somewhere beyond this Earth. I knew that I was seeing something special and I heard a voice. Maybe it was from all the science fiction films that have bombarded us over the decades, as Oberg has intimated, but its message rings loud and clear even today. Especially because it came from the cradle of humanity, Africa. As I looked in wonder, awake in the dream, the object sent me a message: “Hold onto the waters of life. You are not alone in the universe.” But it was just a dream. Or as humanity just might be ready to finally accept in this fragile and potentially revelatory time in our evolution, maybe it wasn’t.

“I’d bet almost anything that life from another planet, if formed independently from life on Earth, would be more different from all species of Earth life than any two species of Earth life are from each other.”


Lack of sunspots to bring record cold, warns NASA scientist

“The sun is entering one of the deepest Solar Minima of the Space Age,” wrote Dr Tony Phillips just six weeks ago, on 27 Sep 2018.

Sunspots have been absent for most of 2018 and Earth’s upper atmosphere is responding, says Phillips, editor of spaceweather.com.

Data from NASA’s TIMED satellite show that the thermosphere (the uppermost layer of air around our planet) is cooling and shrinking, literally decreasing the radius of the atmosphere.

To help track the latest developments, Martin Mlynczak of NASA’s Langley Research Center and his colleagues recently introduced the “Thermosphere Climate Index.”

The Thermosphere Climate Index (TCI) tells how much heat nitric oxide (NO) molecules are dumping into space. During Solar Maximum, TCI is high (meaning “Hot”) during Solar Minimum, it is low (meaning “Cold”).

“Right now, it is very low indeed … 10 times smaller than we see during more active phases of the solar cycle,” says Mlynczak

The Thermosphere Climate Index by Mlynczak and colleagues.
Displays times of Cold, Cool, Neutral, Warm, and Hot since 1940.

Record cold in a matter of months

“If current trends continue, it could soon set a Space Age record for cold,” says Mlynczak. “We’re not there quite yet, but it could happen in a matter of months.”

The TIMED satellite monitoring the temperature of the upper atmosphere

Thanks to François M., John A. Brown, Craig Adkins, Loherchef, Laurel and Craig Adkins for this link

Dr. Tony Phillips was once (and perhaps still is) production editor of [email protected]

430 thoughts on &ldquoLack of sunspots to bring record cold, warns NASA scientist&rdquo

at spaceweathers page 1957 is THE hottest listed
funny how not a single warmist devotee is going to mention this….
wonder if a few wars lotsa heat emitting bombs and a series of atomic tests mighta helped along with the sun for that?ie 40s to late 60s
and as of tonights look we have a new sunspot after 24 spotfree days
damned if I could even see what they’d circled-)

Dr. Mlynczak has broken the unspoken rule that no one can depart from the CAGW meme without professional disaster. He will soon be flipping burgers at McDonald’s.

Or serving Popeye’s or Church’s chicken.

Wow, actual data with significant relationships. Much better than the standard answer for proof “all real scientists agree, no need to debate now, it’s real!”

There is no unspoken rule. Science is not an exclusive club. Whatever happens will happen.

Not if enough of us who pay attention to REAL scientific evidence such as this share it with others who simply don’t pay attention. The Grand Solar Minimum is upon us and it won’t take long for major crop losses to start having major impacts worldwide.

I wonder if the environmentalists will want to start taxing renewables, and subsidize fossil fuels.

1) I’ve read he’s an alarmist, so he may not be the one you want to hang your hat on.

2) Even if he isn’t, the other side long ago gave up on actual science. You could show them tangible evidence dating back centuries and they’d accuse you of being a Russian. There is no using logic/facts to make your case with them. We’re past that point.

Where does one hang their hat when everyone with an international, high profile platform and whose work actually influences national policies, seems to be an alarmist?

1) Never tell the truth.
2) Never tell the truth.
3) Never tell the truth.

WHY is it that EVERY white population is forced to be multicultural/multiracial?
This is not required of -ANY- non white people
Anti whites call themselves “anti racists” but their actions target ONLY ONE race, the White race.
It’s G e NO cide!

Adam,
I hope you are wrong, but fear you are right that Dr. Miynczak could be fired. International sun spot sites like SILSO record sunspot activity for all to see. Sadly fact does not match the “global warming narrative”
Climate change is real, like the Maunder minimum.
Sadly Solar cycle 25 may be even lower leading to what TIME magazine reported as “the upcoming little ice age”
Knowledge is power – just read multiple sites and think!

love it. Now my natural gas wells and oil wells will make me rich again and again and again. The end.

Where does he say anything about global warming? He’s just saying we’re entering a sunspot minimum which coincides with a solar minimum, but that cycle lasts only a few years, no? So maybe we get a few years delay on further warming, or maybe not. If we do get a respite from the heat once the solar minimum is done, we’ll see global warming resume with a vengeance because regardless of what climate science tells us, we’re going to do very little, if anything, to curb greenhouse gas emissions. So not to worry, carbon fuels are here to stay, until they’re all burned up.

There is a new direction in the White House, so NASA is tailoring their “research” so they can get funding. Notice they got into “Climate Change” after the space shuttle program was shut down.

https://www.google.ca/amp/s/beta.ctvnews.ca/content/ctvnews/en/national/canada/2018/11/12/1_4173058.html
Just reminding us the sun is a variable star with its own unique climate that keeps the earth in its place ..feeding all of us through its sub atomic energy.Found some news above saying polar bear population out of control 2 Inuit hunters perished .

Protect yourself at all times and let’s have a clean fight.

A massive American food shortage has arrived at our doorstep.

Do you think we will be able to wear fur coats once again to stay warm? Time will tell!

Have you been to a grocery store lately? Shelves are stocked. There and so many choices of what to eat it’s ridiculous. Have you driven on a highway or any town in America? There are so many choices of places to eat and they keep growing. That’s not gonna change. America is fatter than ever. You’re delusional.

no. we’ll just grow winter wheat in Kansas and Nebraska instead of North Dakota

We’ll drill more oil and gas in Texas, Kansas and Oklahoma to keep all the coast line liberals warm. And I guess we can stop worrying about the icecaps melting and flooding out the polar bear population…wait, can’t they swim?! On a serious note, has anybody been watching natural gas? Very low storage going into winter. Price has skyrocketed from sub $3 to above $4/mcf in a few weeks! As me move off coal to nat gas for electric generation, underground storage will become very important to monitor. It won’t help that we can breath better, if we can’t afford to heat our homes.

Why the hell do we pay for NASA ?

We knew this years ago. Now they finally come forward !

I worked in that sector and respected them at one time, but they are worthless now. Stop with the Muslim outreach and climate BS and build another shuttle, get back to what they were created to do….

It’s as if NASA has completely sold their souls .

They now exist for “no” reason but to attack Mankind…

And there is nothing there to stop them .

Amen to that outreach and Climate BS…
Lets get NASA back up and running.

Teddi,
NOAA handles weather, NASA handles the Sun and planets. Keep quiet and let the adults talk. You drive around your silly small penis compensating ferrari.

Actually…his avatar is for a Porsche, not Ferrari…lol…s

I’m pretty sure that’s a Porche emblem. But to be clear, I wish I had a penis compensating Ferrari!

Hey, Brian. When you want to throw shade, at least do it accurately. Teddi’s avatar is the Porsche logo, not the Ferrari.

Ummmmm, I agree with your assessment of Teddi, but that’s a Porsche badge…….

That’s Porsche, not Ferrari.

That’s actually a Porsche insignia…but to your point….

” Martin Mlynczak of NASA’s Langley Research Center and his colleagues recently introduced the “Thermosphere Climate Index.” …..”

Looks like NASA to me douchewad.

Brian your vagina is getting too big for your own good.
NOAA handles space weather.
Actually government doesn’t handle much of anything anymore except the destruction of western christian civilization.

And that is how the CIA likes it.

Is Christianity in decline? I haven’t done the numbers but it seems to me that I hear more and more Christian preaching on the AM radio dial. And I’ve seen no churches in my area (N. California) going out of business. There are a great many Christian schools and Christian business organizations. But if someone has research showing the decline of Christianity–and its impact on civilization–I’d like to see it. Thanks.

Do you even have a penis anymore Brian? You talk like someone who chopped theirs off

Does that mean everyone who drives a Prius is hung like bear?
Ya better be…you’re driving a Prius!
And that’s a Porsche emblem. Who looks stupid now?

You do realize the two are related don’t you? Your insult illustrate your ignorance.

This thread is awesome! Needed a good laugh. I’ll take one of those silly small penis compensating ferrari’s also or Porsche. Whichever… Teddi i concur GO SPACEFORCE!!

NASA has a part. Did it not, the Obama director would not have used research to promote cagw.
Sorry Brian, back to using you small head to drive tacks.

First, why assume Teddi is a guy? And second, Teddi is sayig that NASA should worry about the Sun and the planets, and leave the weather forecasting (and Muslim outreach) to groups like the NOAA. So what’s Teddi saying that differs from you?

Brian, I think you are suffering from Penis Envy. Otherwise why would you make a personal attack on someone, rather than actually present a reasoned rebuttal with facts? Seems like twitter mentality.

Strange comment. Arrogance and ignorance are brothers. Remember Hanson of NASA and his poorly computed, assumptionless hockey stick? I have Nissan, no big show there.

Brian, that’s a Porsche emblem, not a Ferrari. Keep quiet and let us talk. You go read about your silly loose vagina compensating NOAA.

The biggest driver in “weather” temperatures is the sun, you nincompoop.

Dear Brian,
I think it’s an SSPC Porche and you’re projecting.

we pay NASA so they can carryout the mission assigned by the muslim in chief Broke Obuma, NASA’s New mission upon election and installation of the Indonesian/Kenyon citizen is Islamic Outreach
to showcase the contribution of Islam on space travel and progress in engineering that Islamic Terrio….. strike that ….engineers have made to advance mankind into space. All levity no matter how little I am telling the truth. the Obummer did assign NASA’s mission from space to Muslim Outreach.

Valentina Zharkova just gave a lecture showing how the solar activity will induce global cooling starting in 2021.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M_yqIj38UmY

There is so much residual excess heat now in the oceans that it would take decades before you would see a cooling effect.

One of the worst aspects of this mess is that the soft commodities which are food are lower in price now than 10 years ago. A strong USD will do that. But with the trade war, farmers are really hurting. So instead of helping them at this critical time, they are going bankrupt, without any weather impact necessary. Add in extreme weather impacts and we will be in for a world of hurt.

But Jerry Brown says we are responsible for his idiotic forestry policy and Global Warming. How can this be?

Great for ski season and polar ice caps.

LOL, the global warming alarmists are probably fast at work trying to figure out a story that blames the cold weather on global warming.

Contractors build shuttles. NASA holds meetings.

Oh come on deniers. Gov. Jerry Brown just assured us that climate change (meaning global warming) is driving the California wild fires. Thus, the earth is warming, not cooling. Any argument to the contrary is wrong, got it, wrong. When the argument deviates from the narrative consensus of human caused climate change, the argument is wrong.

Climate change is driven by CO2, got it? No other factors are in play, got it. Ice ages ended because of SUV’s, camp fires and other human causes. Nothing but CO2 variations drive the climate. And if you believe any of that, I’ll be happy to sell you the Brooklyn Bridge at a very reasonable price cash only, thanks.

Gee, BRING ON THE GLOBAL WARMING. PLEASE! I don’t want to live through an Ice Age. At least a decade ago, there was the book: NOT BY FIRE, BUT BY ICE, Author: Robert W. Felix … okay, First published: Mar 1997 … it appears as though NASA, etc. lied through their proverbial teeth… genocide.

Now that’s a chilling development!

But tell me, how did our “man made” carbon emissions make it all the way to the sun to create Climate Change?

This was well documented in a recent book titled “Dark Winter” by John Casey. The sun has always had cycles, which is why the earth’s temp fluctuates…man has nothing to do with it, despite all the press to the contrary. Many of us of course remember the coming “ice age” in the 1970’s!

Russian climatologists have been warning us about this for years. They don’t depend on money from the Looney lefties. Even the Pope has fallen for the global warming scam. I always wondered how that bunch would control deep space radiation on this planet, but the solar minimum beat them to it.

Will this cause the diarrhea?

It’s amazing what a person can actually discover about ‘climate change’ when it is based upon science and factual data, isn’t it? The AGW truthers can’t be bothered with reality-based science because it upsets their dreams of a carbon-free existence and government-funded institutionalized ‘warming’ studies. Another up-is-down, black-is-white moment coming soon from a AGW truther near you when the cold records start falling fast and furious.

do you believe NASA went to space? Hoax. All liars.
Space shuttle = fake plane.

GW is not about science. It is a scam intended to separate us from our money. Sale of solar panels and wind generators and alcohol in gas and…… on and on and on.

He should have stated that this solar cycle occurs every 11 years. Ham radio loses some effectiveness in these lows, but it comes back when the sunspots resume their normal rise.

I knew something was up as soon as the pope named climate change (global warming) the number one problem. Definitely knew cold was on the way. He hasn’t been right about much.

Space Force will replace what used to be an innovative government agency.

BS. No sunspots means warmer maunder max, when its full of sunspots, maunder minimum then its colder.

Zharkova’s research indicates we will have 8 years of reduced food production (2020 to 2027) then unfortunately 2028 to 2032 almost zero food production.

Lack of Global Warming is more like it !

So is the glacier goin to cover ALL of Canada and extend down to Mercer, PA with a mile thick sheet of ice as it supposedly did 10,000 years ago?
.
Is NASA the ones tellin us last year we were ALL goin to bake?

Stock up on winter heating supply of Anthracite Coal

May need it 8 months out of the year.

Are you telling me that the Sun, of all celestial objects, can create significant changes in temperature on the earth?

I wonder if they worked that into their bulletproof model of global warming / cooling.

Funny. I would presume that heating and manipulation of the ionosphere by technology already being used by governments around the world could create this scenario, dont you think?
Nazis, I mean NASA should look into that.

Hey…waitaminnit…..
What happened to “Global Warming. ”

Well at least we know what to do to solve the problem-burn fossil fuels!!

Its all about cycles. There’s a reason why we have mini-ice ages and its not global warming. Enjoy some cold!

Now this is climate change that I can believe in

I posted about the sun driving the earth weather and climate for years, the global warming folks have been brainwashed by the media to believe in lies, when the truth hit them, they will deny it again because now they have been told the global warming brings global cooling.

Pope Francis would disagree. Man is responsible for this. Yeah…

“Sunspots”?! No, it’s global warming, caused by CO2 and hairspray! Or it’s climate change, brought on by meat-eaters’ selfish and disgusting hunger for beef and methane! Or failure to recycle properly! Or drilling for oil! Or fracking! That has to hurt Gaia terribly, right?

But no matter what, it’s Donald Trump! Because Orange Man Bad, enough to change the climate.

“Years of the Quiet Sun” always bring global cooling. This is an inconvenient truth the global warming theology ignores.

“The Day After Tomorrow.” I’m an optimist: the greenhouse effect from CO2 will perfectly cancel out the cooling.

It’s it funny that scientists are willing to accept that a lack of sunspots (solar minimum) will lead to a climate chill, but they refused to credit global warming to the solar maximum (lots of sunspots) that we went through in the early part of the 2000’s.

Curious how the build-up of CO2 here on earth can affect the sunspots on the sun.

People say there is a RACE problem. People say this RACE problem will be solved when the third world pours into EVERY and ONLY into White countries.

People say the only solution to the RACE problem is if ALL and ONLY White countries “assimilate,” i.e., intermarry, with all those non-Whites.

But if I tell that obvious truth about the ongoing program of genocide against White people, Anti-Whites agree that I am a naziwhowantstokillsixmillionjews.

Anti-racist is a codeword for anti-White.

After all the tons of nasty comments to John Casey and his book “Dark Winter”, he was a former NASA scientist that was ridiculed for writing the book..

The team that accomplished mankind’s greatest technological triumph is long gone and their legacy has been defiled.
Forget going back to the moon. We can’t even put a human in earth orbit.
NASA is now little more than a purchasing department.
Sad.

WHAT ?? The SUN actually affects the Temperature of the Planet ?

WOW !! Who would have Thunk ?

Duh I thought we were supposed to have a global warming!? Shouldn’t we be sending astronauts to the moon and colonizing it? I’m with the other poster let’s quit this Muslim Outreach and get on with the business of making America First in space again.

This is so weird but I have been collecting extra canned food every time I go food shopping, and I live in a mega food growing part of CA.
I never have done this in the 35 years of being a housewife. I don’t know what came over me but out of nowhere I started buying the packs of cans at Costco, and just stacking them in the closets. Call me crazy, I am always on a diet. Like totally wow.

Hopefully this guy doesn’t “commit suicide” any time soon…

Cold = Weather
Hot = Climate!

Ohhh, now I see. I stumbled on this “sciencey” site by accident. Was looking for some real stuff. My bad! Only thing here is the 2% of “scientists” who think climate change is a chinese hoax lol.

Seems like earthquakes and tsunamis are far greater threats than “man-made global-warming.”

Why do I think this cold weather will be blamed on anthropogenic climate change?

Luckily humans are putting out enough greenhouse gases to offset the sun’s effects, right? Isn’t that what the global warming evangelicals have been arguing for decades?

Who can we tax to stop this? What wealth can be redistributed to halt this climate crisis?

We all know that the imposition of Socialist policy is the only means to stop the global climate change crisis! That’s what every Socialist explains to us!

Have been casually following this data for 5 years, and have told my wife things are about to change. We keep losing energy from our sun. Had a 11 year low and now entering an even lower energy event!

Well, we really shouldn’t have anything to worry about. Because everyone that blames global warming on humans has already said it’s a scientific fact that the sun has no impact on climate temperature. So what’s the point of even reporting this?
/sarc

Global Warming! Fa La La!
Global Warming! Tra La La!
Global Warming! Fa La La!

Al Gore is a big fat liar.

I remember the early 1950s. It was cold. Really cold. And I remember the 1970s when the great fear was global cooling.

It seems that rather than publishing science these folks are publishing hysteria.

But, But, But, what about global warming. We have been told we were going to burn up the earth. Now the sun is going to cool and let us freeze. What do scientists now anyway.

Most interesting. Please keep me posted. Yes, Teddi, build another shuttle and lets get on top of things. Are the older ones of no use?
Jackson

What? You mean the sun’s activity may actually have an affect on earth’s climate! Who knew?

Will someone please forward this to Governor Moonbeam in California, as well as Algore and Barry and then tell them to STFU. Oh, include the U.N. IPCC and the University of East Anglia also.

Why does the left lie so much?

“human-caused climate change” was created in 1941 by Hermann Flohn, a scientist for the German Meteorological Service who became the chief meteorologist for the Luftwaffe High Command.

In order to pursue their stated goal of “preventing harm to the environment,” Hitler’s Third Reich passed the Reichsnaturschutzgesetz (Reich Nature Protection Law) in 1933. According to Duncan Bayne in “How to Spot a Nazi,” the purpose of this act was to increase control over the German populace by requiring that decisions on how a person could use his property be first approved by the Reich. Sound familiar?

I am freaking cold! Down here in New Orleans We will be getting to 36 degrees tomorrow night. This is a month to soon! What the heck is coming?

I’ve noticed for some weeks now that the squirrels who abound on our property are furrier than I’ve ever seen them before, and that goes back a lot of years.

Time to sell out and move to Panama.

Yes! I’m for the return to science and dropping the political correctness!

Look at NASA and Russian projections of Solar cycle 25 & 26 .
NASA also has Spaceweather.com which is not PC but real science.
The graphs of the solar cycles going back to the invention of the telescope made it possible to observe solar flares / sun spots which are the TRUE indicator of earth temperature variations, clearly not mankind. Al Gore is a buffoon or just a crook , either way bad news for the uneducated.

Global warming is causing the cold weather.

We need a lot more carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, on the double! Maybe if Al Gore could just give a few more speeches.

loos like oil is a good buy

Call Al Gore. New movie. Global Freezing on the way. . . . Call Al Gore.

He meant to say that global warming is causing the lack of sun spots. If the climate had not gotten too hot to begin with, we wouldn’t be having this today.

Al Gore, NASA, the American government all knew about this years ago. Al sought to profit from it, the other two hid their heads in the sand. Well its here. I’m in Ohio. It is really cold RIGHT NOW! This is just the beginning. 10 years from now we will wish for the cold temps we had today. Goodbye cruel world. Welcome the new and exciting apocalypse/ new beginning.

LOL! This is the dumbest article I’ve ever seen outside of Whack Tard Cold Fusion web sites.

Solar output regularly drops by about 2 percent from the peak of the average during the minimum of of each solar cycle, which come every 11.2 years.

Some nobody quacktard conflates this with global warming and the clowns in the audience react like the clowns they are.

the ideological abuse of scientific data by leftists has destroyed the country’s confidence in any report….we live in a post information credibility era……say thank you to the obama/clinton socialist cabal.

shove your moderation up your fucking ass.

Does this mean caravans of Norte Americanoes will soon be trudging south to warmer climes?

Top 10 likely media/government spins:

1. Claim that the cooling detected in a few months is only means global warming is about to get much worse.

2. Claim that the cooling is proof that climate change regulations are beginning to produce results

3. Sunspot forecasts are added to the weather channel

4. Facebook bans sunspot posts as fake news

5. Hollywood releases a science fiction film called “Game of Sunspots” featuring the world’s first dwarf astronaut, and incest between twin astronauts on the space station.

6. NASA requests $ 1 trillion for its sunspot monitoring space probes

7. Sunspot deniers claim all the spots are simply on the dark side of the sun, where we can’t see them

8. Al Gore releases an update to his book “an inconvenient sunspot”

9. Elon Musk announces he can do NASA’S sunspot project for half the money.

10. Hillary Clinton announces she’s running for president again because “we can’t afford to leave sunspots under the control of Trump. The future of our planet is at stake.”

Hi yes I saw this coming! You best be ready! And say you’re prayers.

Being up in the UP of Michigan this is great news and since we have 3-4 inches of snow.
Now we shall see if those Russian predictions about the weather are correct.

and the gov of calif had his feelings hurt because of the fact people do not belive in this global warming cr** its a scam

Build another shuttle? Get real. NASA murdered the Challenger crew because of its deviation from its own metallurgy design specs.

I’ve been telling people for a couple of years now that they’ll be praying for global warming some day.

Bet back to exploring space. If it gets colder I will move to Florida.

Heading to Naples, Florida for the “winter” however long it lasts.

So we better crank up the global warming more then if we don’t want to freeze.

How is al bore going to spin this (?) Or will the doom & gloomers just igno)re it (?).

Global warming will be blamed for the record cold lol

I’ve been hearing about this for well over a decade. NASA is no longer the cutting edge. Special interest has ruined mainstream science and that is the scary message in this story. The “scientific method” has been thrown away. Observation and experimentation has been given over to guessing and modeling. Unfortunately, nature doesn’t guess. Nature is reality. Here comes a dose.

google ALBERTO GOREZ….THIS IS DECADES OLD NEWS

the Chosenite run media is lying to you…..ABOUT EVERYTHING!

Should we trust Al Gore and Jerry Brown or some objective scientist climate expert?

B-b-b-but CO2 is causing global warming! The sun doesn’t matter. Humans bad. ManBearPig is real!

So what the chart shows is that the climate is following statistical models and records from decades past?
Got it

Blame Trump for this. Even the SUN itself is now a climate denier!

Look for a correction to this story soon before it puts a real dent in the “man made climate change” scare & tax agenda.

Finally the real reason for climate change…

Did anyone verify this with Al Gore?

Global warming – global cooling – seems they cannot make up their minds. Which begs the conclusion – they really don’t know.
Not sure about you but I am continuing on as I always have regardless of their dire predictions.

Oh, I guess the WARMISTS didn’t take that into account when they PROMISED the earth would heat up to unbearable levels throughout the world. Sorry Mr. Gore, the earth doesn’t have a fever, it has a COLD!

The followers of the Religion are going to cry heresy.

But Teddi, don’t you think we, as a nations, need to better understand the long-term effects of weightlessness on transsexual hippies?

Another threat! SOON we will all have more to worry about than junk from China & degenerate politicians in DC.

Can’t any of you guys understand? Maybe not, since this true article is worded in a very misleading way. The reporting does say, although it glosses over it quickly so you don’t notice, the fact that NASA said it’s talking about the UPPER atmosphere. ONLY. That’s NOT the LOWER atmosphere and surface, where of course we are.

Just look at the chart and see where we had another sunspot minimum in 1998 – when surface temperatures were reaching a very HIGH PEAK, which then backed off a bit and was not surpassed for about 18 years. That right there tells you there is no correlation between the regular sunspot minimum and SURFACE cold.

Nope…Lack of sunspots is a Trump conspiracy to upend the AGW theorists who hate the man. Obviously, since Trump is “anti-science” and “hates everyone”, he wants the earth to have record heat waves and blizzard conditions as well so as to ruin everyone’s lives. The sunspot machine, originally designed by Migeulito Loveless in 1875 and bought by Ronald Reagan in 1986 was never used until Trump plugged it in using money stolen from the poor and causing Tesla founder and chairman, Elon Musk to engage in corruption to avoid going broke.

Have they blamed Trump yet?

How convenient. An expert comes up with an excuse as to why we are all shivering that they can point to when their global warming predictions fail to come true.

He will be back at solar maximum in six years claiming the exact opposite.

How dare you associate the sun with the Earth’s climate! You must be on the payroll of big oil.

A former St Louis University prof named Brooks promoted a system of weather predictions using “sunspots” in the 1960-70s. The media never took his idea seriously. Maybe he was ahead of his time.

In context (of the original publication), “record cold” does not apply to the planet as a whole.

Ignorance does not make climate change true, false, good, or bad. Physical processes are what they are. Outcomes are not necessarily predictable and predictions are not necessarily correct.

At one time it was thought that memory resided in RNA analogous to a wire or tape recording. We tried to transfer memory by training mice, removing their RNA, and putting it in other mice. The memory didn’t move. Some people looked more closely at memory…others more closely at RNA.

Models lend themselves to political exploitation which in turn affects funding which leads to a risk of, not necessarily purposeful, funding bias. Consensus in science is not about a majority agreeing that something is happening. It’s about everyone who understands a model seeing the physical process follow in consistent accordance.

But but but what about global warming and the rising temperature that we need to spend trillions to counter And stop using fossil fuels and revert back to the dark ages

Global cooling is here .
The Sky is falling says chicken little.

The new rally will be for large cars/SUV’s
The signs will read, “We need more CO2 and NOX. When do we want it? NOW. ”

Well there you go, climate change caused by humans is as usual another tax scam on citizens.
GOOGLE regulation exempt income means

Its all that man made global warming making the sun get pissed off and cool down

Solar Flair activity has DIRECT effect with Chandler Wobble that has effect on weather patterns. Electromagnetic fields whether man-made or solar alters Chandler Wobble. Duh.

Record cold to an area over 100km above us, with no known effect on the climate down here on Earth. I like the way you deliberately omit that fact.

Space the Last Frontier, what is NASA doing build a new Shuttle and explore Space. I thought that was your mandate, please let everyone know what your goal is today and where and when you are going. Russia and China will be there waiting if and when you get there.

Those darn Global Warming Climate Change SUV drivers. Now they’ve gone and screwed up the sun.

Thus explaining the hoax of man-made global “warming”.

Is it true? NASA scientists are actually claiming that solar activity impacts climate change.

So much for the Gospel of “global warming” ideology.

Protests to follow with impassioned testimony by young TV stars and musicians calling for the end of NASA which will take care of the problem.

Wait, didnt they say the sun has very little to do with this. I am shocked.

Nobody is denying that the climate changes, what is being contested is the notion that punitive carbon taxes, and the wholesale transfer of middle class wealth to the politically connected “green energy” barons will have any effect on it.

The Climate has been changing long before humans appeared on the planet and will continue to do so long after we disappear.

How many global warming disaster predictions have the AGW alarmists made since the Al Gore movie?

If the global warming alarmist make enough of them, the law of averages dictates that some of them is will eventually catch up with a naturally occurring climate phenomenon.

Reasonable people don’t doubt science.

Reasonable people doubt faulty politically driven science where public funding drives the desired results and the desired results drives the public funding.

Global warming makes it colder too

Robert! This story is on Drudge! It linked here!

Well it’s a good thing we have man made glowbull warming or we might all freeze to death.

We are too late. Now man’s CO2 emission has affected the sun. The end is nigh!

Teddy is right on
ISIS Obama destroyed NASA
Handed our space shuttle to Russia

WHAT?! “Gore-BULL WARMING” is a fraud. Salinity of the oceans and solar activity are what drive the climates! Dumb-a $ Leftist fearmongers!

So much for global warming I mean climate change. So should we increase co2 and methane?

The sky is falling! The sky is falling!

What? The sun has an impact on our weather and climate? I thought it was all in our hands. Who’d have thought.

The so-called “climate deniers” have talked about the influence of solar cycles on the climate for years which now appears to be playing a role in our current Grand Solar Minimum. Now NASA claims to have figured it out instead of citing the work of others: Henrik Svensmark, Valentina Zharkova, Nir Shaviv, and Tim Patterson to name a few. Hell, you can go all the way back to Charles T. R. Wilson who in 1895 produced “rain-like” condensation in moist, DUST-FREE air produced by cosmic rays. Too bad the CERN CLOUD folks missed the point on the DUST-FREE aspect of Wilson’s work. Wilson received the 1927 Nobel Prize in physics for his work because it was a nifty way of observing sub-atomic particles that was used until circa 1960. Unfortunately, his contribution to his field of main interest, meteorology, was lost to history only to be re-discovered decades later.

Professor Ian Plimer has been warning us about this for over two decades. Our climate is not dependent on man’s action but the action of the Sun.

Yes the maunder minimum is supposed to be coming up on us and it’s going to go into a very deep cold cycle this is what has been determined to be the cause of the Mini ice age of Europe the 1700s

Meanwhile, Governor Moonbeam is blaming ‘deniers’ of ‘climate change’ for California’s wildfires. Sharper minds know the climate goes through cycles and that there is little we can do about it. If we all reverted back to living like the Amish, the hysterical leftists would blame climate change on horse manure and cow farts and attempt to raise taxes on anyone who owns these animals.

What happened to “man made” global warming? Sic climate change? Maybe we need more fires to pump carbon dioxide into the atmosphere!

the sun effects weather? Gee, who would have known……..
I wouldnt tell the global warmers that.

The CAGW meme is shown to be nothing short of total deception. Everyone please read this
http://www.usmessageboard.com/threads/empirical-falsification-of-the-cagw-meme.627216/
The facts are being ignored on climate change to fit the climate alarmists agenda1

I came across this talk given by Prof. Valentina Zharkova about the sunspot cycle and the Sun’s magnetic field. Her conclusion is that we will see serious cooling from 2020 to around 2053 with the worst of it around 2030.

Oh no! Something that actually applies reason to the climate discussion. Too bad for those whose faith is placed in the anthropogenic “consensus’” theory.

…hold on Scotty! There actually IS some intelligent life on this planet!

What happened to the Naunder minimum?

Frankly, my dear, I don’t give a damn.

(Don’t mind me. I’ve been saying that for a long long time and pretty much say that about everything.)

Teddi couldn’t have said it better. NASA has turned into a complete politically correct piece of crap full of leftist scientists spouting out climate change garbage. The agency was created in 1958 to drive the race to the moon and beyond. It is a national disgrace what it has become in 60 years.

The Global Warming works in strange and mysterious ways.

The entire system has been figured out by a higher power than us and there is nothing we can do about it. Go along for the ride, we have no choice.

NASA, an organization that is pushing AGW theory, is telling us that the lack of sunspots is going to have a major effect on the weather. At the same time, they are still claiming that solar activity, or lack thereof, has virtually no effect on climate.
How stupid do they think we are?

Thank God for man made CO2. Its “global warming” effect may just see us through the coming freeze-up. So, what else is new?

what? sun activity has a dramatic effect on Earths weather? not a chance…. remember the CFC hoax? a can of “freon” went from one dollar to one hundred dollars. that’s what they are trying to do with the global warming hoax, tax the hell out of our “carbon footprints”. don’t you fall for iit…

What about all that global warming?

Russian scientists predicted this several years ago, before NASA and NOAA.

I guess the politicians will opt to tax the SUN

B-b-b-b-but what about global warming? It’s supposed to be people making the planet temperature change. What does the sun have to do with anything?

National Weather Service said it will be above normal in Temp!

Will this necessitate the rapid and immense burning of fossil fuels to minimize the cooling. Can we burn carbon fossils like Al Gore and Nye the stupid guy

I recommend massive increases in fossil fuel usage to warm that planet.

So how are we going to spin this to make it anthropomorphic?

There’s gotta be a CNN host itching to blame Trump for lack of solar flares.

On YouTube – Adapt 2030, Rolf Witzsche, Ice Age Farmer, just to name a few, have been talking about this for a long time now. It’s going to get very bad and create food shortages globally for many, many years. The global warming crowd is suppressing this information to continue there narrative.

I wonder if the Sun has anything to do with “Global Warming”…uhh , uhh, excuse me…”Climate Change”?

This is not news. Anyone paying attention has seen this coming for the last 18 months. We are entering the ‘Eddy Minimum’. Heating shortages followed by food shortages . . .

And NASA hasn’t said anything until now because it did not fit the CAGW narrative.

Nearly criminal enforcement of their liberal dogma has left us with short notice of the impending changes to our climate and economy.

No doubt if Martin Mlynczak removed his tinfoil hat, he would see that the lack of ionized E and F layers is allowing all of those evil radio waves to escape our atmosphere, therefore lending to the cooling effect he speaks of. Argggggg….those radio waves, they’re in my head and speaking to me.

Wasn’t there a Danish climatologist–Svensmark (or something like that) who claimed years ago that sunspots determined cloud cover and therefore temperature?

According to NASA, that shinny thing in the sky has some kind of an influence on the temperatures on this third rock from the shinny thing in the sky. Interesting! All this time I thought NASA was a muslime outreach organization.
*
This really puts a dent in algore’s program to extract money from the foolish on the basis that the foolish are causing global warming.

Thank you for the scientific analysis. SOOO tired of ‘adjusted’ data and agendas.

What about fake global warming ??

Climate BS makes money, wins elections, and gives us Disney movies, so that will not stop anytime soon. Teddi, thanks for the peek at what the last administration started. Let the megalomaniac politicians raise their arms and hold back the rising waters, oh no, now it will be hold back the icebergs.

Isn’t it funny that there was a similar decline in the 1968-1975 time period on the graph just when ‘global cooling’ was all the rage?

Let the climate spinners heads explode. Let jerry brown know. I don’t think humans can affect sunspots. Also, how did the earth come out of the ice age without humans?

Oh, the old sun spot theory is being talked about again. At least this theory is based on facts.

Well, they will just have to figure out how we humans caused those lack of Sunspots.

IPCC Third Assessment Report
Chapter 14
Section 14.2.2.2
Last paragraph:

“In sum, a strategy must recognize what is possible. In climate research and modelling, we should recognize that we are dealing with a coupled non-linear chaotic system, and therefore that the long-term prediction of future climate states is not possible.”

This information was not included in the Summary Report for Policymakers given to the press and public.

If the climate is indeed a coupled non-linear chaotic system (who can doubt the IPCC) then there is no rational or scientific basis to make a definitive statement about a future state of the climate.

At this point the coupled non-linear chaotic nature of the climate makes scientific observations academically interesting but individually they have no relevance in predicting the future state of the climate. The climate is a system which means the relationships among these observations are what is important not the observations themselves.

All the public discourse regarding the future state of the climate has been based on the false premise that the current climate models are predicting the future state of the climate when in fact the models are merely projecting these states.

Predictions are the purview of science. Model projections can only agree with predictions when the models duplicate the real world which the IPCC says is impossible to do.

To base public policy on an unknowable state of a system defies common sense. However, too much money and political power is at stake for the Central Planners to do otherwise.

I would argue that the Climate Model True Believers are the ones taking an unscientific approach to the subject.

In January 1961 President Eisenhower in his Farewell Address identified the situation in which we find ourselves today:

“Akin to, and largely responsible for the sweeping changes in our industrial-military posture, has been the technological revolution during recent decades.
In this revolution, research has become central it also becomes more formalized, complex, and costly. A steadily increasing share is conducted for, by, or at the direction of, the Federal government.
Today, the solitary inventor, tinkering in his shop, has been overshadowed by task forces of scientists in laboratories and testing fields. In the same fashion, the free university, historically the fountainhead of free ideas and scientific discovery has experienced a revolution in the conduct of research. Partly because of the huge costs involved, a government contract becomes virtually a substitute for intellectual curiosity. For every old blackboard there are now hundreds of new electronic computers.
The prospect of domination of the nation’s scholars by Federal employment, project allocations, and the power of money is ever present and is gravely to be regarded. Yet, in holding scientific research and discovery in respect, as we should, we must also be alert to the equal and opposite danger that public policy could itself become the captive of a scientific-technological elite.
It is the task of statesmanship to mold, to balance, and to integrate these and other forces, new and old, within the principles of our democratic system — ever aiming toward the supreme goals of our free society.”

Other relevant publications from Eric Hoffer are: “The True Believer” and “The Temper of Our Times”

From “The Temper of Our Times”: “Every great cause begins as a movement, becomes a business and eventually degenerates into a racket.”

“…get back to what they were created to do…”

Who created it? Answer this and you will know.

We need to get off-planet. But instead, we are quarantined.

Another fake news article from
NASA, complete with fake depictions of space, satellites that do not exist and a spherical Earth.

You can bet this has been suppressed, or at least ignored, because it doesn’t go along with the climate change meme. Expect it to be smothered and returned to obscurity.

The sun affects our weather?! Preposterous. We human filth determine the weather with disastrous results unless we give up our way of life, all hop on bicycles, eat grass, and stop breeding post haste.

More lies and fakery from yhe dark occultists at NASA

Bias is perhaps unavoidable in all human endeavor, but one would wish for clean science on most levels. Climate science is confusing, and unclear at best. This is the perfect ‘climate’ for fraud!
I consider this site to be relatively ‘clean’.

Russian scientists have been saying this all along. But then they weren’t shackled by the politically correct CAGW crowd.

Looks like Climate Change has affected our Sun too!!
I’m sure the libs will find a way to blame this on Trump!

NASHA is Hebrew meaning “to deceive” is found in Genesis 3:13 . . . ” The serpent deceived me, and I did eat.” In addition to the word NASA, official logo also includes the ultimate symbol of deception, the red serpents tongue…. You already know… don’t listen to the one with forked tongue.

Get Al Gore and his Global Warming thesis? Problem Solved.

NASA has become useless, as Elon Musk has proven. Can it and save the taxpayers 500 Billion a year. Don’t worry statists, our corrupt government will piss the savings away on other rat holes.

@Kim Murphy, NASA’s budget is less than $20 billion, not even close to 500. Also, Elon Musk is contracted to build launch vehicles, not satellites, probes, and telescopes. NASA employs over 17,000 people, all with different areas of expertise and opinions. The contributions NASA has made to humanity are incalculable.

Right, the Dems will give it to the poor illegals so that they will illegally vote for gun control. Then a few years down the line, the Dems will decide that all Republicans should be exterminated along with anyone who doesn’t agree with them politically or religiously. Don’t sweat the weather cause after the Damm Dems take over, it’s going to get very hot.

Global cooling is good and beneficial and desirable. It has to be, right .

Ok, what if we needed to warm things up. What could we do?

22 years ago two scientists “climatologist I think they call themselves) applied for several GRANTS from the US Government and from several Corporations who could benefit from the correct reports. Well let’s call them Phineas and Ferb for the lack of their real names I forgot. Well ole P&F filed a grant thesis on the next “Mini-Ice Age as it relates to earth’s climate change, and the effects over the next 20 or so years) caused by Man and carbon as a greenhouse gas.
The US Government had a laugh fest rolling around on the floor. Their answer was a resounding ” do you look up every time you exit a door to the outside, are the squirrels not in hibernation this time of year? “Why” ask Ferb, “because your Nuts” replied the grant master. P&F both presented well documented charts and theories proving without a doubt they were indeed correct that cooling would occur. But no said NASA’s best. A few days later Phineas reappeared changing the Man Made Global cooling, To Man Made Global Warming knowing that the buck is the bottom line , so Ferb lectured the group of big wiggs of Swamp origin on how a life’s worth of $100 dollar bills could be made in a short few years off of a MMGW scam (really a Felonious scheme of Swamp quality) Yes! Yes! screamed the Swampland chapter of NASA’s “BEST” as the phones suddenly were busy calling brokers across the world. Not to be left behind ManBearPig aka: OLD Alt Gored loaded down with Green stocks and schemes of his own and to guarantee success he made a movie that was given awards across the board for saving the world, by get rich dupes that were vocalised and repeated by asshole sniffers face to ass following ALt Gored as the new Green Giant godlike fool but rich off bullshit

Global Climate Change has always been about the sun.

Every good liberal elitist, socialist and commie wanna be including all of the environmentalist plus Al Gore KNOW that the SUN has NOTHING to do with our weather or climate change – he he.

Lets’ let them continue to believe that…

Welcome to the next fashionable hysteria! . This one was last big back in the 1970s.

AMERICA WAKE UP: THERE IS ONLY ONE WAY TO SAVE THE PLANET: ALL DEMOCRATS AND USEFUL IDIOTS MUST PURCHASE CARBON CREDITS FROM COMRADE OWL GORE.

It’s that damn global warming, I’m tellin’ you.

There are going to be a bunch of shivering ninnies this winter (more than usual).

It’s time to learn what climate change really means. Welcome to what’s known as a Little Ice Age. It’s part of our planetary cycle will last close to 30 years. Thank goodness for good reserves of oil and gas. Just think where we’d be if the 1980’s “we’re running out of oil” story had been true.

NASA is many things, not just spaceships…and all on approved budgets. They DO NOT decide on their own what to do or study.

Total collapse of Human Civilization along with the vast majority of other multi-cellular creatures on Earth has been forecast to occur as soon as seven years from now. This may buy us a little more time to get our act together for countering abrupt climate change.

The climate extremists have brainwashed a lot of people. Just think about how large our planet is, how vast our atmosphere is, how large our seas and oceans are, how much volcanos spew into the atoms sphere and how much of the Earth is uninhabited. Man’s footprint on Earth is relatively small compared to nature and its influence. Ocean currents, the jet stream, wind patterns, the sun, volcanic activity, and control of our destiny by extraterrestrials (this is what you should really worry about) have a lot more Influence on our climate than any impact mankind may have. We certainly have no impact on what the sun does or doesn’t do. The cry of “we’re all going to die if we don’t clean up our act, tax our population into poverty and redistribute our wealth to the third world” has gotten old and tired. Our destruction has been going to happen in the next seven years for at least 50 years. The “scientists” , politicians and con artists such as AlGore have all but shut down debate and have made a lot of money from this hysteria.

it’s time to start building coal fired power stations. The California wild fires are drastically aided by too much Oxygen in the atmosphere. We need to start generating more CO2 to keep the conflagrations to a minimum

NASA needs to focus on what they do well, identifying and solving middle eastern Muslim countries’ social problems. “Sarcasm sighs “

NASA has been predicting, publishing and then retracting this deep solar minimum for decades. It is nice to see them returning to real science and not the political science of global warming.

So here we have scientific proof the “Sun” is responsible for much of our climate. Imagine that.

Mike, enjoy this moment…right. I’m pretty sure commrade Gore is re-writing the story line to insure it appears to be caused by man. You know anything for a carbon credit, sort of re-write..rofl.

This is a great article because people need to hear that carbon dioxide is not our enemy. It is the sun that gives heat or in this case less heat because of sunspots.

Love it, a NASA scientist dares to depart from the norms of climate research! Off to re-education camp with him! NASA has been more concerned about Anthropogenic Global Warming and getting minorities and women into engineering programs and onto the space station than they are about research and development of new tech that could get us into the next wild adventure known as Mars.

As an Oklahoman, I say the lack of sunspots is why tornadoes have moved eastward.

As an Oklahoman, you admit that you are an uneducated know-nothing who doesn’t have an informed opinion.

As a fellow Oklahoman, I couldn’t agree more.

We need to increase our carbon output to lock in what remaining heat we have.

Best comment of the day. My thoughts exactly.

no worries…i do my share burning old tires. gets cold up north!

Bob Seger had NASA figured out years ago………

She packed up her bags and she took off down the road
Left me here stranded with the bills she owed
She gave me a false address
Took off with my American Express
Sunspot Baby
She sure had me way outguessed

But of course none of what this scientist says is relevant as bona fide climatologists such as Al Gore and others tell us its going to be cold because of man made climate change and therefore avoidable if we pay more taxes, its not down to the sun, silly scientists. tsk

You mean that big, unpredictable ball of fire at the heart of the solar system can affect changes in climate? I thought only humans could do that?

It occurs to me that if the disciples of Gore had even the slightest amount of intellectual honesty, they’d do the following:

1. Admit that although there is a theoretical possibility that carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere can impact climate, the level of impact is akin to claiming that spitting in the ocean causes it to rise (albeit very slightly).

2. Agree that if they still believe their own propaganda, they should be willing to have it work the other way. In short, when we start to suffer the tremendously dangerous impacts of a colder climate, all nations who are not producing their fair share of carbon dioxide should be drastically taxed, with the proceeds going to carbon-heavy countries, who are doing more than their share to combat the cold.

Obviously this would never happen, because it’s never been about the climate. It’s always been about redistributing wealth through the UN, from the countries who produce, to the countries who don’t.

I agree with Teddi. NASA has a cadre of immensity talented people, who have their eyes on Mars and, I think, the Moon. Let them do the marvelous things that they are best suited for.

As a long-time NASA employee (R&D), you may be shocked to know the percentage of loyal employees that do not agree with the rapid global-warming myth. Just a guess based on personal observation and discussion – But I would estimate about 85%.

Global warming must be true!! Now, send me your money and I will save you.

Can’t this be the fault of the President and climate change.

Well, surely this is man’s fault!

All due to the CIS-gendered Male Patriarchy and the Toxic Masculinity the results from it.

If Vegan Wymen had been running Human Culture for the past 10,000 years we would still be living in mud huts and none of this Climate Change stuff would ever have happened.

And there would only be about 500,000 humans on the planet so there would be no need for GMO corn. /sarc

Global warming is a bunch of crap.

But the Global Warming people said the difference in the suns total radiation during sun spot minimums was too small to make a difference. I guess they lied again.

Columbia, I think it was, back in 2000 ish found the sun is responsible for some 20% of change in the earth’s weather/climate. That is not de minimum.
Still there are no scientifically formed assumptions here to work through. An hypothesis is a guess. Pretty much ado about nothing

According to lib doctrine GW is the biggest threat and the sun has nothing to do with weather on the planet, only humans and cow farts.

Looks like anti civil rights Green Commie Al Gore Jr. (i.e. ‘Man Bear Pig) may get his Ice Age after all.

Well, then, we had better get busy burning more fossil fuels.

I first read this same info about 4 months ago from Joe Bastardi, I guess not working for NASA he could report on what he wants when he wants, the most comical thing about this is now you will have people freezing and the Pope opening his big mouth about how important global warming is, you know the same global warming that was supposed to have Manhattan under water by the year 2000. Leo and Gore will be flying to the conferences in snowstorms with their winter parkas and fur coats and this will be in San Deigo.

If only there was a correlation between carbon dioxide and warming, we could begin pumping that stuff out and save the world. Alas….

This guy will be fired for not getting the “ always blame it on climate change memo”

What will the global warming nut jobs do?

Confirms what Martin Armstrong has been professing for a long time. Unfortunately, both religion & politics have a long history of corrupting science.

Global warming theorist should spend more time fact gathering than announcing more fake news narratives so with out clear facts to support their global warming scare tactics. Teddi’s comments are so true. I am so done with lies and tactics so to make politicians wealth. This year is the beginning of making those fools look even more foolish when earth is not warming but cooling and the legitimate scientist will validate the hoax of global warming. Next they will say the atmosphere is all repaired and is due to the activities.

Wait a minute, wait a minute. This cannot be right. Are you telling me in millions of other people around the world that the “son“ is affecting the claimant?? How can this be? I thought it was human activity. I thought it was Al gore and his carbon Footprints. How come this concept of the sun affecting the weather has not come out before?? What is the story here?

Didn’t need NASA to tell us this. It’s an 11-year cycle. YUP! Gunna be a hard winter.

Could it be that our elevated emissions of CO2 and CH4 will sustain a thermal blanket around us that will mitigate the reduced solar insolation resulting from this sun spot minima? How ironic?

That idea has been posited years ago but needs repeating. C02 warming may actually be saving the planet . A bit of schadenfreude perhaps.

the polar bears have just nominated him for Man of the Year!!…

i respect and agree with his opinion, but this could be a career-ending move.

Not Nasa’s fault. Look to Congress and Obama for the faults involved.
Give the whole thing to the Air Force.

Do you even have thoughts? What goes on between those ears? I’m literally dying inside when I read a post that blames Obama for a decline in science. We all know he’s not the one trying to wipe legitimate science off the map. Get real man. Lol.

If you idiots cared about anything, you would know the sun is local and not 93 million miles away.

Yes, it is! And her name is Hillary.

As I like to tell my kids…follow the money!

Teddi – I was right with you up until “build another shuttle”. There’s no need for NASA to be building any astronaut killing government boondoggles. In fact, they should quit wasting money on the obsolete, over-budget, behind schedule SLS they’re building now.

Ok. so the takeaway here is, global warming may have less to do with human behavior and more to do with natural solar cycles thus meaning the entire damn thing is pretty much out of our control. It’s almost as if there were self-perpetuating industries who should have known this already but didn’t share it because it would defeat the need for those industries. Just sayin’.

The truth continues leaking out after years of “hockey stick” pseudoscience and absurd data manipulation by the politicized climate “experts.” Soon the truth leaks will turn into a torrent, then a flood as real science overwhelms the charlatans….as it always does. Time to take names and hold people accountable as the planet cools and people realize they’ve been had.

Teddi, I agree. Many governmentsa and corporations are all about PC.

Sunspots an easier explanation than that of the Naunder minimum?

NASA has been complicit the global warming aka climate change fraud when the world should have been preparing for the coming Grand Solar Minimum.

PUT THE OBAMA/CLINTON CABAL IN JAIL.

NASA has been complicit in perpetuating the anthropogenic global warming fraud aka climate change when they should have been warning the world to prepare for the coming Grand Solar Minimum.

Still, no one will believe it. The mainstream-media won’t cover it to the extent that it deserves. Nor will there be any ‘debate’ on heliocentric climate change and the chicken-little-carbon-induced climate change.

It will be ‘Ground-Hog Day’ (the movie) from here until the next ice-age kicks in and beyond. Even when there are mass relocations of populations from the northern latitudes, they will still be blaming it on anthropogenic cabon-fueled climate change.

Liars and fear mongers never, ever, relent.

I agree with Teddi above. To hell the the stinking Muslims and fake news from the Global-Warmest! Get back to exploring outer space and stop being artsy fartsy snowflakes.

“But, but, but, the earth has a feeeeever-ah! Now release my chakra, I command you, mere mortal!” -Almightygore

AS EXPECTED. WE ENTERED THE SOLAR MINIMUM OVER 20 YEARS AGO. THE SOLAR MINIMUM WILL LAST FOR 40 YEARS. AFTER THAT THE SUN WILL BEGIN TO WARM UP AGAIN.

The truth is coming out….worse than global warming for sure.

FTA: Sunspots have been absent for most of 2018 and Earth’s upper atmosphere is responding,
You forgot… “AND IT’S ALL TRUMP’S FAULT!”

“AND IT’S ALL TRUMP’S FAULT!”
No one forgot, this goes without saying!

I thought it was G. W. Bush’s fault, no?

Why doesn’t NASA tell this to the Climate Change idiots who keep insisting that we have Global Warming, when the Globalist are just using this Climate Change crap to take away American’s Sovereignty and FORCE us to belong to their GLOBAL GOVERNMENT where Americans will have NO FREEDOM and will be under the UN LAWS and COURTS.
And if any Real American thinks they will be given a FAIR TRIAL in the UN by that bunch of Muslims and Foreigners, I have some lots I need to sell to you.

“Why doesn’t NASA tell this to the Climate Change idiots ”

Because it is in the financial interests of NASA to receive funding to study ways to combat Global Warming.

I will stir the pot the bible reads that in His covenant with Noah, God said that he would not destroy the Earth again – by flooding. Just saying.

Hey, this is on DRUDGE, today. Tuesday, 11-13-2018

This poor professor is going to get HELL for speaking the Truth.

OMG! The Sky really IS falling! And it’s natural not political!

If it’s going to get colder, will the Snowflakes stop melting, & get stronger? <:–o

Don’t tell Algore or you’ll be marked a Climate Change Denier and unable to find a job. You
stick with “all things climate or caused by man”
or keep quiet.

Ex[panding faster than light…light of the contraction will not reach us before it’s upon us…. There will be no s[ign.

Re-activate our Space Program. Quit worrying about the PC stuff, and get the job done.
Take us where ‘No Man Has Gone Before’.
The original Star Trek used the word Man, for Mankind, not to glorify one sex.
They were right.
It’s time we fired up our technology machine, and made huge advances in Medicine, Propulsion, Computers, Radio technology, and beyond.

Time to bring out the Ice Age Climate Change and ask for more money to investigate why the sun isn’t working right.

Hmm. Doesn’t seem like we should have anything to worry about. All the experts that have been trying to convince everyone that humans are solely responsible for global warming have already stated that there’s no scientific evidence that the sun has any impact on global temperatures. What’s there to worry about?

Why all the hub-bub? Big deal! Everyone knows the record cold is because of global warming. /s

Did humans cause the sun to cool? My prediction: it will be cold in the winter and hot during the summer. Records will be broken, but still remain nearly the same average for another 100 years.

Humans have no effect or cause on the sun the solar is tottely natural anyone that says humans control our sun has a major aginda.

I thought man controlled the climate.

Wha. You mean the Sun plays a role in the warming & cooling of Earth?

But but but…the media said its Americas fault. I’m so confused.

Stop going by the media and start researching some of this stuff.

I know Trump had to have something to do with this,
Democrat House needs an investigation into Trump
tampering with Sun spots. After all it’s happening under his watch.

Now I know what Jesus meant when He said that in the Last Days ” that the Sun will be darkened and the Moon will not show its light and the stars will fall from the sky” that’s a prelude to the 3 Days of Darkness as foretold in the Holy Bible. We all must prepare ourselves and our conscience. I can sense that prophecy is starting to be fulfilled and coming to pass. Christians be vigilant, Judgement Day is nigh!!

Remember when Dr Hansenwho worked for NASA ,and claimed we only had a few years left until the planet would be wreck from G/W.

Mankind got it wrong again. It wasn’t global warming we should fear, it’s global cooling. Fear not, solar cycles are on roughly 11 year cycles, after the next half decade of cooler climates, Al Gore & Co will have lots to crow about in 6 years during the next solar max. Meanwhile, bundle up or move to Florida, the land that just can’t seem to get an election right since 2000. Always knew that excessive sun exposure helped create a half baked populace.

Put 6 months of food in storage….beans.rice and noodles in mason jars..dry…….will keep for decades…

I have been speaking on this for years. Look up Maunder and Dalton Minimum. We are heading into a very similar time according to the charts, and the minimum will last either a relatively short time (6-8 years) if we are in a Dalton Minimum and 60-80 years if it is a Maunder Minimum. We just don’t have enough data from pre-1600’s to know for sure where we are in the charts, but we do know that it is going to get cold… very cold… mini ice-age cold.

anything to cover-up the fact that current “male” crew are up their necks in “stinkin-excremental” diapers all thanks to the current “feminist” occupying the American sector of the ISS, so bad was the conundrum, that they actually drilled a “hole” in the Russian sector in order to facilitate getting off and away from their “Houston we have a problem with this b#%@&” issues……, (google it yourself – “Toilet Wars” by Israel Shamir)

This is really frustrating! I just renewed my entire summer collection and this news comes out!

The idea that warming and cooling of the sun doesn’t have as much or greater influence on Climate than carbon dioxide produced by man is just ludicrous, unfortunately most of the true believers n man made climate change have made it a religious belief, rather than a science based conclusion. Any group who creates a model that can’t be questioned by actual data really aren’t honest scientists.

It’s happened before…….hundreds of years ago. Look up “The Maunder Minimum”…..when the Earth’s population was just a fraction of what it is now.

Oh no, now we have SOLAR climate change. Who’s going to fix the SUN?

What I read is the upper atmosphere is cooling. For the non-scientists like me, however, how is that translating to colder temps on the surface? Neither article I read really explained that. Being able to explain the correlation will help in my arguments with the global warming nitwits.
Thanks

Shuttles? All they are doing is shutteling fallen angels back and forth, to and from outer space. AND we are paying for it. Paying for our own destruction.

It talks of the atmosphere condensing in overall size/diameter as well. Colder “air” is more dense and heavier that hotter air. Hot gas “air” has a much higher rate of movement and disorganization. As the molecules have more space to fly around, more energy is released making it feel hotter. As the atmosphere condenses, there is less movement and therefor less energy released in the form of heat, i.e. feels colder.

What is interesting is that while compressing gas, heat is generated. Could the reduced and slow compressing atmosphere due to solar inactivity rolling into this minimum have had a causal effect of temporary temperature spikes, fueling the climal warmging (combo of climate change and global warming since they can’t make up their minds) now that we are “there”, it is just going to be colder until the sun heats everything up again.

One of the deepest minima of the space age? time will prove it to be THE deepest in the last 400 years.

I am selling sun spot credits for a mere $1.20

Please queue up now and have your money ready.

Wow. Tell me, has the ‘Left’ wing of the political system finally caught up with the effects of the sun?

But Marxocrats and the likes of Al Gore say that AGW must be driving “climate change”.

They couldn’t possibly LIE, could they?

So Mr. Spock was right from the show ” in search of” from the 70s. Well all die from a new ice age not global warming…

The people on the sun bought too many SUVs and killed off the sun spot activity. We’re all doomed!

Humans occupy approximately 1% of the earth’s surface …

If our magnetosphere collapses from lack of solar activity, all speculation is off the table. We could freeze up or we could cook like bacon. Or, hot and cold regions may intensify respectively at the same time.

There is very little humankind is able to do about the weather, other than seek shelter when its cold.

I am my own weather forecaster by looking out of a window, or opening a door.

well I know we may not have climate change caused by humans now but I do like the idea of less pollution in the air we breathe, It is def adding to asthma and those with respiratory illness. SO I want them to continue to keep the air we breathe cleaner. For that reason I am glad, but I really hate the cold so , wish we could hibernate. BUt this is pretty amazing news for sure.

I don’t disagree with having a cleaner earth and neather does Robert finding ways to reduce pollution is indeed a great goal but there is a cheap way to do it with out the spending and costs.

The ONE Degreer’s also known as the CLIMATE CLOWNS said we had to pay for our carbon buttprint, and many did!
So what did all that money spent and manipulated from us do for GLOBAL WARMING?
Now called conveniently climate change.
Leftests are the Masters of deception!

when the big freeze starts, y’all liberals better not head south for heat cause the only thing hot y’all gonna be gettin is lead…

Solar weather has been a far better predictor than the global warming nonsense for decades, so one might think any rational GW observers would have noticed by now but there don’t seem to be any.

Of more concern to me is that the average age of American farmers is around 60, who’s going to be growing the food when they finally retire?

The progressive socialists that dominate the global warming wacko’s and the democrat party apparently think everything they want will magically appear.

It’d be funny if it isn’t going to so tragically predictable, like Venezuela and the Soviets etc .

Just think how bad it would have been without the man made catastrophic global climate change warming stuff etc?

This is all a lie. GoreBull warming is the cause for all cooling. I know this because democrats tell me so and we know THEY would never lie.

Why is this an article? We all know climate change is caused by CO2. The sun and sunlight have nothing to do with it. The science is settled!!

I don’t necessarily agree with all the global warming stuff, and don’t doubt there are people that push it to further their own agenda, and I question just how much of it, assuming it is actually happening, is due to humans. But I’ve also noticed a habit among those that disagree about it to grab onto any little thing to argue their case, regardless of whether it actually makes sense, and this appears to me to be one of those cases. If you actually look at the graph, you’ll see two things. First, the peak averages have a general downward trend, meaning that, for the most part, each solar maximum period has a correlated lower atmospheric heat loss than the last. So if we assume global warming is true, that would indicate that solar flare activity has negligible effect on it, as (again, ASSUMING it’s true) the planet is warming over time despite decreased warming from flare activity. Also, if anything, this chart seems to lend credence to the idea of a buildup of greenhouse gases, as that would explain (and, in fact, be one of the only explanations that makes immediate sense to me) why there’s less atmospheric heat loss despite higher solar heat output, as the gases would be holding the heat in. In fact, looking at the timeline, I can’t help but notice how there was more heat loss during the period of the 80s and 90s, when CFCs and the hole in the Ozone were a concern, and how it’s been trending down since those issues were dealt with. But I’m sure that’s just coincidence.

Meanwhile, everyone seems laser-focused on just the very tail end of the graph, claiming that because it’s hitting a low point, that MUST mean global warming isn’t true. First of all, nothing here indicates AT ALL that’s what Mlynczak and Phillips were suggesting. All they said was that “[t]he sun is entering one of the deepest Solar Minima of the Space Age,” which, for one, the “space age” is a very short period of time, especially on a geologic and climactic scale, and there is nothing in that statement that inherently links the phenomenon to global warming. But people are pouncing on it as “evidence” to prove their side of the argument. All it means is that for a whopping half decade things will cool off, maybe even to record (for less than three-quarters of a century that we’ve been monitoring it) lows. But then they’ll get warmer again and, again ASSUMING global warming is real, this will have no long-term effect, at least none apparent by the extremely minimal “data” here (one misrepresented graph and a few possibly misrepresented quotes given without context). Not exactly science. In fact, the way I interpret the graph and quotes is that we’re only months away from the low point, after which it will likely start increasing again. So, sorry to disappoint all the over-enthusastic people claiming a new ice age is upon us, but that just isn’t what the data appears to be saying. Honestly, while I do question just how much truth there is to global warming, posts and comments like these make me question the naysayers perhaps even more.

If you want to use this graph to support the argument against global warming, at least use it correctly. That means first understanding (or admitting) that it’s NOT a representation of global temperatures, but rather of how much heat is lost into space, which is likely only loosely tied to global temperaturs. First, as mentioned above, a buildup of gases that hold in heat would cause the line to move downward (less heat lost) despite stable or even increasing temperatures. Second, as the atmosphere shrinks (which the article states is happening), that would have a direct and likely significant impact on the amount of heat lost, as there’s less surface area through which to lose heat. Finally, if you can show (NOT claim there’s a difference) that the heat loss is directly corresponding to the temperature, and not significantly affected by those and other factors, THEN there would be basis for using this chart as evidence against global warming.

@Michael Rhoads (and everyone else, since the analogy might help) – You can read my above response for more details, but this doesn’t actually show that the upper atmosphere is cooling it simply shows that the heat lost is declining. That’s a big difference. If you run the faucet (sun) with the stopper open, then close the stopper halfway, there will be less water (heat) “lost” down the drain, but that doesn’t mean there’s less water coming into or present in the sink. Similarly, less heat lost doesn’t mean anything about how much heat is actually contained by the atmosphere, and, as I stated above, there are reasons why the internal heat could actually be stable, or even rising, despite (and perhaps even because of) a reduced loss. Instead of the water going down the drain decreasing because of reduced output from the faucet (sun), it’s just as likely, and perhaps much more so, that it’s because the drain is clogged (greenhouse gases), and that is has little to do with global temperatures. Keep in mind I don’t necessarily believe in global warming, or at least that man is mostly responsible for it, but I also like to look at facts, not misrepresentations, which this appears to be. This is probably why neither article you read explained it, because it’s not accurate, and they’re just throwing out graphs and quotes without context and using them to tell the story they want instead of what the data actually says.

Was this [the cooling] responsible for massive amount of rain falling in the Midwest from August onward? Just wondering.


Would dark energy save the earth for a while as the sun heats up? - Astronomy

If you want to make your own solar power to capture the energy for heating its easy to do if you can find a solar collector, which is anything that attracts the heat from the sun in a concentrated amount, such as glass or clear plastic. Getting into your car that has sat out in the hot sun all day long can be extremely hot and you have to roll down your windows to cool it off inside. That is because the glass has attracted the sun and the objects in your car, including your seats, have trapped the heat not allowing it to escape. When you roll your windows down you are allowing the heat to escape causing your car to cool down. The same thing is true about greenhouses. The glass or clear plastic can attract the sun and not allow it to escape causing the greenhouse to maintain the heat for the plants to grow effectively.

In order to heat your home using solar energy, you need to know the information on a passive and an active home. These two types of solar homes offer the homeowner options to choose from and your cost of heating may be down. Solar energy does not only heat your home but it also heats your water and if you use solar energy lights it can light your home at night.

Passive homes do not use any equipment to heat the home. Passive homes use windows that are made to allow the maximum amount of sunlight into your home. The sunlight is controlled by keeping the doors closed in the hottest part of the day not allowing any heat to escape. At night thick curtains may be used on these windows so that the warmth stays inside during the night. This allows the sun to naturally heat your home without any help.

Active homes do use equipment to help circulate the heat in the home. Some of the equipment that may be used includes pumps, blowers and an alternative heating source in case the sunlight was not enough during the daytime. In order to heat the home with sunlight these homes use special boxes on the outside that attract the sunrays to it. They are made from a dark colored metal to help attract the sun more. The water or air that is carried in the pipes and ductwork is heated by this glass box that has captured the sunlight. Then the heated water or air is then carried to the rest of the home.

In the long run, solar energy helps to heat the home naturally and without depending on a company to supply it for you. Solar energy can be found anywhere the sun is.

What you need to know about Solar Power

Solar power is everywhere because it comes from the sun. Solar power can be used to power electricity, pump water, to heat your home or office and power vehicles. With all that we can do with solar power you have to wonder why we don't do enough to conserve the solar power. We could use it for almost anything and it would cost a fraction of what we are paying now. You can make a difference by doing your part is making solar power something you can use.

In order to power energy with solar power you need to know the basics of solar power and how it works. It takes a long time for heat from the sunlight to reach the earth. Unless it is concentrated into a particular area the heat from the sun will be distributed evenly over the earth's surface where the sun is shining. When you want to use the natural sun light to power your electricity, heat or water you need to know the process to it.

You need to direct the sunlight to a concentrated area in order to have enough energy to power your source. Some of the biggest solar power towers are set up around the world. Solar power is not something that a few people are trying but solar power is about the future, everyone's future. When you use a light in your home you may not realize the process that brings that energy to that switch so when you flip it on you will have lights. The energy that it takes to run power to our homes are not a natural way of energy. Conserving the energy that comes from the sun is the most natural way to equip our homes with energy, heat and more. When we use natural resources we save in several ways by preserving the earth, cutting down on monthly and over all costs, and no inconvenient power outages.

Preserving the earth helps when you use natural resources that don't hurt the earths atmosphere and everything in it. If we continue to use the power that we use today we may pollute the atmosphere so much that the right amount of sun will not be able to make it down to the earth's surface in the future. Then we will have no other choice but to rely on our man made abilities to produce something that will cost us more than what it already does now. Pollutants will also harm life on earth as it starts to close in and start to harm us. Cutting down on monthly and over all costs can save you a lot of money in the future.
In the beginning you may pay a minimal amount to be solar power efficient by purchasing a solar source. You can buy indoor and outdoor lighting, solar power windows and insulated doors in order to make your home more solar efficient. After that initial expense you don't have the expense of paying a monthly bill to keep your service on. This also promotes others to use solar power to be more efficient.

When a storm blows through we are sometimes left without power for at least a day but sometimes more. When this happens we are so use to our conveniences that we have a hard time adjusting to going back to the basics when we are use to flipping on a light switch, using the microwave, taking a shower or bath assuming that the water can be pumped and heated the same as it always is. Loading the dishwasher or washing the dishes, washing and drying clothes. All of these services require the power to be on and when it is off is when you miss the services. When you use solar power you are less likely to experience these down times because your power is generated by natural energy.

In order to know where to find solar energy you must first know what solar energy is. Solar energy is energy from the sun. When the sun is shining solar energy is being produced as it sends the heat radiating to the earth. You can find solar energy anywhere or anything that the sun can shine on. There is a way that you can save the sunlight in order to provide heat during the cold, which is what millions of people have done throughout the years. It started thousands of years ago when people where able to use a thick lens or magnifying glass on an object that would attract the sun rays on that particular object and could get so hot it would catch fire. This gave a new prospective on how strong the heat from the sun really was.

The problem with capturing the suns heat is the fact that when it reaches the earths surface it does not go to one particular spot. It is spread evenly over the earth where the sunlight is able to reach. When this happens you may find it difficult to heat something using only the sunlight. Although the area or object may be hot if left in the sun too long it will not reach the full heating potential of the sun's light.

In order to use the heat efficiently to heat a room after the sun goes down or when the sun is unable to shine because of clouds you will need to use a source that will attract the heat to one particular area. This source is called a solar collector. The solar collector attracts a lot of sunlight to one particular area allowing the sun to pass through the source and into the space. The objects in the space absorb and hold the heat from the sunlight and trapping it so it will not get back out with the help of the source. Glass is a great solar collector because it allows the sun to pass through it and into the space but the heat from the sun can rarely escape leaving the space under the glass to become warm or hot from the heat. The objects in the space help to hold the heat as it comes in so that the space will stay warmer longer. This allows the area to be heated using solar power.

Because glass is a natural solar collector it makes it great to put into a greenhouse or a sun room. The glass attracts the sunlight and traps the heat inside so that they temperature in the greenhouse or sun room remain warm even at night when the temperature outside may be cold.

Solar energy can be found anywhere the sun shines but in order to fill the heat you must have direct sunlight for an extended period of time. If you just use the morning sun to heat your home your house may not stay warm through the night.

Ways to use Solar Power for Heat

We have become accustomed to turning a dial or pushing a button in order to have heat. These ways are nice but they may be inconvenient as well. Heating homes, schools or businesses with solar energy is not only easy but cost effective as well. There are several ways that we can capture the sun's heat even in winter times. In order to capture the sun's heat you need a solar source. This source can be something that will attract the sun rays but trap the heat from it when it enters the source. A good example is a sunroom.

These rooms are attached to a home or a building and are constructed of glass panels from the floor to the ceiling. It is usually facing the morning sun in order to get the full affect of the heat. When the sun shines into the room the glass allows the sunrays heat the furniture and everything in the room. These areas become the source that holds the heat in so that it will not escape back out of the glass. This type of heating is natural and can be very efficient if it is constructed correctly.

Other forms of solar power heat are:

Thermal mass that absorbs and holds in the heat. It traps and holds heat while the sun is shining and disperses the heat when the sun goes down.

Trombe Wall is a natural solar heating and ventilation system that uses air channels to hold the heat between a glass object and a thermal mass that is facing the sun. The sunlight gets trapped and stored inside this wall and is then circulated though vents and the top and the bottom of the wall. The wall radiates the heat.

Transpired collector is also a wall that is used facing the sun. The wall absorbs the sunlight and heats the air when it enters into the ventilation system.

Solar Cooling is a great way to ventilate a building. It absorbs the solar heat and cools it making ice with a solar powered steam engine that is attached to a cooling device.

Solar Chimney is also a solar ventilation system. It is made of a thermal mass that is hollow inside. The chimney will warm the air inside the chimney and causing the heat to rise. The rise allows the air to circulate and vent properly.

There are several ways that we can provide heating and cooling to our homes, businesses, buildings or other structures that need to be heated. The ways listed above are by using all natural material that will pay off in the long run when you have heat using the sun and not an artificial heating source that may be produced by non-renewable resources. We all need heat no matter what. We need to find out what ways we can save the heat from the day to keep our house warm at night. Not only does it work for heating but also cooling as well.

When you think of solar power you think of heating and light for your home. That is one of the many things that we use solar power for. Solar power is everywhere and it is growing everyday. There are different products that are made using solar power. This article will list these products and their uses and also how solar power affects them. Solar power is using the sun's natural heat to produce electricity, heat, and more. When you use solar power you are using the natural resources found that cannot harm the earth in ways that other methods can.

There are more products that use solar power than what we realize. A lot of the electronics made will use some type of solar power in order to function completely and accurately. For example, calculators are solar power products. These calculators may or may not have on and off switches. Some rely on the solar panel completely in order to stay or turn off. Solar power calculators need a certain amount of light inside the solar panel in order to turn the calculator on and perform what you want it to do add, subtract, divide, multiply and more. The solar panel in a calculator is not as big as the one that you would to power your home. The size needed for a calculator is adjusted before installation to provide the right amount of what it needs. Solar power products can be found in travel products, outdoor recreation, safety products, emergency products and more.

Radios have are produced with a solar panel inside that transforms the sunlight into energy allowing you to listen to your radio while you are outside. You may also find solar power in flashlights, battery chargers, mobile phone chargers, watches, lanterns, emergency products such as sirens and lights. As you see there are several products that are using the solar power technology. Portable chargers are great to use because they charge the product that you have using the sunlight just as easy as turning a calculator on. Camping equipment and supplies work well with solar power because it allows the sunlight during the day to supply their lanterns, flashlights and radios at night.

Cooking outdoors can also be done by using solar power in order to heat the element that will ignite and allow for even cooking. Because more people are turning to solar power for their future energy source there are companies that are marketing products that are produced using solar power. Appliances are being made for solar power homes. These appliances, refrigerators, stoves, dishwashers, and more will work great in a home that is generated by solar power. They are built to conserve energy even more so than the products available to everyone.

In the future when everything turns to solar power in order to work we will be prepared using the knowledge and the products that are available today. We can't predict the future in solar power but we can all do our best to make it happen.


Could We Build a Real-Life Death Star?

One of the most infamous weapons in science-fiction movie history is the Death Star, a moon-size planet destroyer from the "Star Wars" universe. In the upcoming movie "Rogue One: A Star Wars Story," a band of renegades tries to steal the plans for the Death Star from the evil Empire, in order to ultimately destroy the spherical death machine.

Does the Death Star lie completely in the realm of fiction, or could such a thing ever be constructed in real life? In 2012, more than 25,000 people signed a petition asking the U.S. government to construct its own Death Star. The White House (as it is bound to do when petitions receive a certain number of signatures) considered the application and penned a discouraging but tongue-in-cheek response &mdash among the concerns cited in the rejection letter were the cost of such a project, and the fact that a single, small spacecraft was apparently enough to destroy it (a significant flaw for such a massive project).

But it turns out that the biggest obstacles aren't just money or rebel spacecraft, but physics. Here are some opinions from experts Space.com consulted on why it would or would not be possible to build a real Death Star. [Rogue One: A Star Wars Story in Pictures]

If constructing the International Space Station was hard, the Death Star's complications dwarf that. Pyle says estimates indicate it would take 830,000 years of Earth's current steel output to create enough metal for the hull of the superstructure alone.

Rocket launches to send all that metal and other building materials to space would "pollute the atmosphere to the point that anyone left who could use the Death Star would have to live on it &mdash Earth would be uninhabitable," Pyle said.

The cost is also difficult to bear: $850 quadrillion, according to the White House's response to the online petition, which is many times the U.S. national debt of about $20 trillion.

"The best way to build a Death Star would likely be to mine asteroids and possibly the moon for metals, print the massive parts, and then transport them to the neighborhood of the Earth or whatever planet you want to destroy," he said.

But even then, there are problems, he added. The Death Star is at most 100 miles (160 kilometers) in diameter, and would not be able to survive long in low Earth orbit. Although small objects can remain in low orbit around the Earth for hundreds of years with no propulsion, an object that large would fall out of orbit more quickly and crash into the surface. Putting it into a higher orbit is possible but would require a "prohibitive" amount of rocket fuel, Pyle said.

In "Star Wars: Episode IV - A New Hope," the Death Star's lasers are used to blow up the planet Alderaan, which is similar in size to Earth. But even the most advanced current military lasers would have trouble changing the flight path of an intercontinental ballistic missile as it careened towards Earth, he said. "Of course, in 'Star Wars,' they used 'hypermatter' to power the Death Star," he added, "so who knows what might be possible with this new and improved source of destructive power?"

Raychelle Burks, assistant chemistry professor at St. Edward's University in Austin, Texas

In 2015, the American Chemical Society released a video about the Death Star's laser, featuring Burks. In the video, Burks (who wasn't available for an interview before this article's deadline) explains that the most powerful laser beam on Earth is a 2-petawatt (2 quadrillion watts) beam constructed in Japan. The Death Star would require roughly a million billion times more power to blow up a planet, she said in the video.

"In producing all that energy, you would produce a lot of heat &mdash like enough heat to melt the Death Star," Burks said.

If that's not discouraging enough, Burks pointed to the famous "Star Wars" scenes where several lasers from the Death Star all converge into a point, somehow combine and amplify, and then strike a doomed planet with a single beam.

"Light doesn't do that," she said. "The individual beams would just pass by each other and keep going in their own directions." [Endor's End: How the 'Star Wars' Death Star Wiped Out the Ewoks After All]

Brooks Peck, curator at the EMP Museum in Seattle

Although generating enough metal to build a Death Star would be "bonkers," technically speaking, it would be possible, Peck said. But there would need to be a huge space industry infrastructure to support it, including the ability to launch many more rockets than we can today, and asteroid mining.

Another consideration regarding the massive construction project is that the builders of the Death Star would be exposed to harmful ionizing radiation from space because they would be outside Earth's protective atmosphere and magnetic field, Peck said. He thinks the Empire would take two approaches to solving the problem: either shield the builders inside rock and water masses, or just let the workers die young of cancer. "This is a Death Star, after all. It's got a reputation to maintain," he joked.

Because a superlaser would not work as a means to destroy planets, Peck suggested using a "bullet of sufficient mass" to blow up planets. The science-fiction term for such an object is a "relativistic kinetic kill vehicle," which Peck admitted does not have the same snappy ring as "Death Star." But as ugly as the name sounds, the concept would work: A large enough object moving at even a fraction of the speed of light could blow up the planet once it collided. Still, Peck said it would be best for an advanced civilization to focus its energy on other things.

"I hope, strongly, that a civilization that can command the resources and energy needed to create something like a Death Star would be smart enough and wise enough to turn its attention to more beneficial causes," he said. "Imagine what else we could achieve through an effort on that scale. We could create a utopia for everyone."

Brian Muirhead, chief engineer at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory

Muirhead is an experienced space engineer who was responsible for designing, developing, testing and launching the Mars Pathfinder rover that successfully landed on Mars on July 4, 1997. He also held senior positions for the Deep Impact Mission (which successfully crashed into a comet) and the Mars Curiosity mission (which landed on Mars in 2012 and is still going) during their development.

Today, he is working on the Asteroid Redirect Mission, an initiative that will attempt to bring as much as 20 tons (18 metric tons) of a carbonaceous asteroid to the moon's orbit, for astronauts to explore.

Asteroids would be a helpful resource in the construction of a Death Star, Muirhead added. A Death Star would require raw materials, and asteroids could provide that. Using asteroids as a source of raw materials would also reduce the need to launch rockets from Earth, he said. Even the manufacturing facilities on the asteroid could be at least partially created via in-space 3D printing (a technology that is used today on the International Space Station, he added).

"Given launch costs today, I did a simple calculation . and the cost savings might be of the order of the total economic output of today's Earth for around a billion years (a huge and not very realistic number)," he said. "The alternative is to build huge factories at large asteroids (like Ceres, which is about 950 km [590 miles] in diameter) and use its materials and save the launch costs."

Muirhead added that the laser on the Death Star is a technical problem, as it would likely require an output many times that of our sun, "an extraordinary amount of energy," he said.

Still, he can't wait to see the new "Star Wars" movie.

"As a spacecraft designer, I'm very much looking forward to 'Rogue One' and maybe getting a look at those plans," he said.

Philip Lubin, physics professor at the University of California, Santa Barbara

Various experts who were consulted for this story told Space.com that there are some real-world aerospace technologies that are similar to those used in the Death Star, including nuclear weapons and chemical lasers.

One of those technologies is the DE-STAR (Directed Energy System for Targeting of Asteroids and Exploration) concept, which could be used to stop incoming asteroids and comets coming toward Earth and threatening our planet. Lubin is one of the scientists currently working on DE-STAR.

The concept (which is very much on the drawing board) would take the sun's energy and convert it into a phased array of laser beams to target incoming objects and vaporize them, or alter their orbit to get them away from Earth and possibly throw them into the sun.

There are different proposed sizes of DE-STAR. A 100-meter (330 feet) version could alter comet or asteroid orbits, while a 10-kilometer (6 miles) version would have enough energy to blow up a 500-meter (1,600-foot) asteroid once a year, Lubin said.

(Lubin's group has also proposed a way to do fast interstellar travel using directed lasers. That concept, called DEEP-IN (Directed Energy for Relativistic Interstellar Missions), has Phase 2 funding from the NASA Innovative Advanced Concepts Program that funds far-out concepts.)

But don't worry about planetary security. "We have no current plans to vaporize planets," Lubin said, joking that he thought about it and concluded it is not a fundable idea. "The system we are working on can be used for planetary defense against asteroids and comets . It works quite well for that as well as for relativistic propulsion, if we can master the required technology."


Contents

The Earth receives 174 petawatts (PW) of incoming solar radiation (insolation) at the upper atmosphere. [5] Approximately 30% is reflected back to space while the rest is absorbed by clouds, oceans and land masses. The spectrum of solar light at the Earth's surface is mostly spread across the visible and near-infrared ranges with a small part in the near-ultraviolet. [6] Most of the world's population live in areas with insolation levels of 150–300 watts/m 2 , or 3.5–7.0 kWh/m 2 per day. [7]

Solar radiation is absorbed by the Earth's land surface, oceans – which cover about 71% of the globe – and atmosphere. Warm air containing evaporated water from the oceans rises, causing atmospheric circulation or convection. When the air reaches a high altitude, where the temperature is low, water vapor condenses into clouds, which rain onto the Earth's surface, completing the water cycle. The latent heat of water condensation amplifies convection, producing atmospheric phenomena such as wind, cyclones and anticyclones. [8] Sunlight absorbed by the oceans and land masses keeps the surface at an average temperature of 14 °C. [9] By photosynthesis, green plants convert solar energy into chemically stored energy, which produces food, wood and the biomass from which fossil fuels are derived. [10]

The total solar energy absorbed by Earth's atmosphere, oceans and land masses is approximately 3,850,000 exajoules (EJ) per year. [11] In 2002, this was more energy in one hour than the world used in one year. [12] [13] Photosynthesis captures approximately 3,000 EJ per year in biomass. [14] The amount of solar energy reaching the surface of the planet is so vast that in one year it is about twice as much as will ever be obtained from all of the Earth's non-renewable resources of coal, oil, natural gas, and mined uranium combined, [15]

The potential solar energy that could be used by humans differs from the amount of solar energy present near the surface of the planet because factors such as geography, time variation, cloud cover, and the land available to humans limit the amount of solar energy that we can acquire.

Geography affects solar energy potential because areas that are closer to the equator have a higher amount of solar radiation. However, the use of photovoltaics that can follow the position of the Sun can significantly increase the solar energy potential in areas that are farther from the equator. [4] Time variation effects the potential of solar energy because during the nighttime, there is little solar radiation on the surface of the Earth for solar panels to absorb. This limits the amount of energy that solar panels can absorb in one day. Cloud cover can affect the potential of solar panels because clouds block incoming light from the Sun and reduce the light available for solar cells.

Besides, land availability has a large effect on the available solar energy because solar panels can only be set up on land that is otherwise unused and suitable for solar panels. Roofs are a suitable place for solar cells, as many people have discovered that they can collect energy directly from their homes this way. Other areas that are suitable for solar cells are lands that are not being used for businesses where solar plants can be established. [4]

Solar technologies are characterized as either passive or active depending on the way they capture, convert and distribute sunlight and enable solar energy to be harnessed at different levels around the world, mostly depending on the distance from the equator. Although solar energy refers primarily to the use of solar radiation for practical ends, all renewable energies, other than Geothermal power and Tidal power, derive their energy either directly or indirectly from the Sun.

Active solar techniques use photovoltaics, concentrated solar power, solar thermal collectors, pumps, and fans to convert sunlight into useful outputs. Passive solar techniques include selecting materials with favorable thermal properties, designing spaces that naturally circulate air, and referencing the position of a building to the Sun. Active solar technologies increase the supply of energy and are considered supply side technologies, while passive solar technologies reduce the need for alternate resources and are generally considered demand-side technologies. [20]

In 2000, the United Nations Development Programme, UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, and World Energy Council published an estimate of the potential solar energy that could be used by humans each year that took into account factors such as insolation, cloud cover, and the land that is usable by humans. The estimate found that solar energy has a global potential of 1,600 to 49,800 exajoules (4.4 × 10 14 to 1.4 × 10 16 kWh) per year (see table below). [4]

  • Total global annual solar energy potential amounts to 1,575 EJ (minimum) to 49,837 EJ (maximum)
  • Data reflects assumptions of annual clear sky irradiance, annual average sky clearance, and available land area. All figures given in Exajoules.

Quantitative relation of global solar potential vs. the world's primary energy consumption:

  • Ratio of potential vs. current consumption (402 EJ) as of year: 3.9 (minimum) to 124 (maximum)
  • Ratio of potential vs. projected consumption by 2050 (590–1,050 EJ): 1.5–2.7 (minimum) to 47–84 (maximum)
  • Ratio of potential vs. projected consumption by 2100 (880–1,900 EJ): 0.8–1.8 (minimum) to 26–57 (maximum)

Solar thermal technologies can be used for water heating, space heating, space cooling and process heat generation. [21]


Experimental device generates electricity from the coldness of the universe

A drawback of solar panels is that they require sunlight to generate electricity. Some have observed that for a device on Earth facing space, the chilling outflow of energy from the device can be harvested using the same kind of optoelectronic physics we have used to harness solar energy. New work, in Applied Physics Letters, looks to provide a potential path to generating electricity like solar cells but that can power electronics at night. This is a schematic of the experimental infrared photodiode that has generated electricity directly from the coldness of space. Credit: Masashi Ono

The obvious drawback of solar panels is that they require sunlight to generate electricity. Some have observed that for a device on Earth facing space, which has a frigid temperature, the chilling outflow of energy from the device can be harvested using the same kind of optoelectronic physics we have used to harness solar energy. New work, in a recent issue of Applied Physics Letters, looks to provide a potential path to generating electricity like solar cells but that can power electronics at night.

An international team of scientists has demonstrated for the first time that it is possible to generate a measurable amount of electricity in a diode directly from the coldness of the universe. The infrared semiconductor device faces the sky and uses the temperature difference between Earth and space to produce the electricity.

"The vastness of the universe is a thermodynamic resource," said Shanhui Fan, an author on the paper. "In terms of optoelectronic physics, there is really this very beautiful symmetry between harvesting incoming radiation and harvesting outgoing radiation."

In contrast to leveraging incoming energy as a normal solar cell would, the negative illumination effect allows electrical energy to be harvested as heat leaves a surface. Today's technology, though, does not capture energy over these negative temperature differences as efficiently.

By pointing their device toward space, whose temperature approaches mere degrees from absolute zero, the group was able to find a great enough temperature difference to generate power through an early design.

"The amount of power that we can generate with this experiment, at the moment, is far below what the theoretical limit is," said Masashi Ono, another author on the paper.

The group found that their negative illumination diode generated about 64 nanowatts per square meter, a tiny amount of electricity, but an important proof of concept, that the authors can improve on by enhancing the quantum optoelectronic properties of the materials they use.

Calculations made after the diode created electricity showed that, when atmospheric effects are taken into consideration, the current device can theoretically generate almost 4 watts per square meter, roughly one million times what the group's device generated and enough to help power machinery that is required to run at night.

By comparison, today's solar panels generate 100 to 200 watts per square meter.

While the results show promise for ground-based devices directed to the sky, Fan said the same principle could be used to recover waste heat from machines. For now, he and his group are focusing on improving their device's performance.