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The Inter-American Observatory of Tololo Hill It is a complex of telescopes and instrumentation located approximately 80 km east of the town of La Serena, Chile, at an altitude of 2,200 meters above sea level. This region gathers a series of unbeatable atmospheric conditions for astronomical observation because it has an average of 280 clear nights per year.
The construction of this observatory, located in the Elqui Valley, was decided in 1962, although it was implemented in 1967, five years later. It is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) with an agreement with the National Science Foundation, both agencies of the United States, and is used by astronomers from this country and Latin America.
It currently has six telescopes: a 4 m reflector (White telescope), the largest telescope in the southern hemisphere, opened in 1976; and 1.5 m reflectors; 1.0 m (Yale telescope); 0.9 m; 0.6 m (Lowel telescope); a Curtis / Schidt type telescope, and the 1.2 meter radio telescope of the University of Chile.
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