Historical photographs

Astronomical clocks Astronomy and thought

Astronomical clocks Astronomy and thought


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In this photograph we see the remains of an ancient astronomical clock on the west coast of the Isle of Lewis (Scotland). It is older than the great Pyramid of Egypt. Its rocks reach up to 5 ms in height and its main part forms a circle of 13 ms in diameter. To the south it aligns with the full summer moon. It was an important ritual center for the first settlements in the area.

From time immemorial, our ancestors knew the influence of heaven on their lives. The trajectories of the sun, the moon and the stars governed the cycles of nature. Knowing them facilitated survival. Prehistoric astronomical clocks were the first astronomical tool of the human being. Most megalithic monuments, although also engraved in stone and bronze discs.

The astronomical clocks or calendars indicated the lunar phases, the equinoxes, the solstices and the seasonal changes. Thus they predicted how nature would behave in the coming weeks or months. He gave them information about the best time for planting, harvesting, fishing, or even protecting themselves from possible floods.

The strong feeling of dependence on heaven and nature gave astronomical clocks a religious, magical character. They were used as meeting places and funeral rites.

Throughout the world there are remains that demonstrate the knowledge that our ancestors had of the celestial vault.

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